A Bibliographic Survey on Types of Libraries in Nigeria (2004 – 2010)
IMPORTANCE OF LIBRARIES
To inform citizen: There is no gain doubting that democracy and libraries have a symbolic relationship. Libraries make democracy work by providing access to information so that citizen can make decision necessary to give themselves. Also library, especially the public ones make knowledge and ideas available to all irrespective of age, race, creed, sex and economic status. Break down boundaries. Library got rid of the fence that obstruct our visions and abilities of inter-communication, association and self education. Public libraries provides free, family literacy programme for low literate, illiterate and non-English-speaking people. However, in the value of individual, library door are open for indepent thinking without pre judgment. Collection in libraries gives access to historical, cultural and political facts that are necessary to foster spirit of exploration.
Finally, another important of library is that it preserve the past. Library keeps records as ready reference for all humanity of the past.
HISTORY OF LIBRARIES IN NIGERIA
Like the art of writing originated in the tropical and sub-tropical land of Africa and Asia.
It is known that the art of writing was first started in what is now western Pakistan and in the valley of River in dus approximately 7,00 years ago. From there it was probably carried to Samaria and Egypt. It was in Samaria (modern Iraq) that the first libraries were established.
A library containing over 50,000 clay tablets existed in Suppara about six thousand years ago. There were in this city at the time a temple dedicated to sun – God and school facing the temple and there were libraries in each of the building.
However, in Nigeria, during the Second World War reading rooms were setup all over the northern Nigeria to serve as public information centres.
Finally, in 1852, a Regional library was established in Kaduna as a Division of ministry of education to help the Native authorities develop the reading rooms into public library became a division of ministry of information.
- Abduul, M. (2004). “The role of Libraries in the Dissemination of Scientific and Technological Information for national Development. Kano State Library Board Newsletters. 6 (4): 11-13.
- Adeoti, V.F. (2004). Tools for Library and Information Services delivery in the public library of the new millennium. A paper presented at the annual conference of NLA held at Chelsea Hotel, Abuja, June, 25-30.
- Ajala, B. (2004). The new information retrieval media and the challenges of Nigerian libraries Africa Journal o Library achieves and information science. 2(1): 42.
- Ajidahum, C.O. (2004). The Statement of Information technology in Nigeria University libraries. The Nigerian Library Link. 11(2): 22-26.
- Anderso, B. (2006). School Libraries as an Information Centre. International Association of School Librarianship.
- Annobi, C.U. (2001). Towards University Library support for Cyber-education. A Journal of Language and Librarianship. 1(3): 17-25.
- Atinmo, M.L. (2006). Public and School Library services to the Physically Handicapped in Nigeria: An Evaluation. The Journal of International Library Review. 1(3): 441-445.
- Attama, Okechukwu R. (2007). Repositioning the School Library in support of universal Basic Education (UBE) Programme in Nigeria. The Nigerian Library Link. 11(2): 59-64.
- Braine, M.S. (2005). Cause and Prevention of theft and mutilation in high school library media centra. School Library Media Quarterl. 21 (4): 221-226.
- Carroll, F.L. (2007). Guidelines for Planning and Development of School libraries media centres. School Library Media News. 17(1): 7-75
- Chisenga, J. (2004). The status of Information Technology in Kano State Library. African Journal of Library, Archives and Information Science. 5(1): 19-24.