A Research Study on Attitude of Nurses Towards Relapse Prevention Among Psychiatric Patients in Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital Barnawa, Kaduna
Objective of the Study
- To evaluate the relationship between the educational background of the Nurses and their attitude towards prevention of relapse.
- To ascertain he relationship between the status of the Nurse and her ability to prevent relapse among psychiatric patients.
- To determine the relationship between the experience of the Nurse and their ability to identify symptoms of relapse.
- To find out whether poverty can predispose psychiatric patient to relapse.
- To determine the relationship between drug compliance among psychiatric patient and relapse prevention.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
This chapter deals with the review of relation literature and is based on Attitude of Nurse toward Relapse Prevention among psychiatric patients in Federal Neuropsychiatric hospital Barnawa and in this chapter also it covers:
- Conceptual Framework
- Background of the Study
- Concept of Attitude
- Causes of Relapse
- Phases of Psychiatric Illness
- Types of Relapse
- Prevention of Relapse among Psychiatric Patients
- Theoretical Framework
- Cognitive Behavioral Framework
- Problems of Immediate Gratification
- Abstinence Violation Effect
Background of the Study
Psychiatric illness comprises of various disorder with some common features. These common features include disturbances in thinking and occupation with self and inner fantasies. The person with a psychiatric disorder may live in a private world. A world inhabited by voices that condemns or accuses the person vile acts and by vision of frightening. The person may be totally withdrawn from external environment and may be preoccupied with an internal fantasy life.
Mary Ann Boyd (2001) defined relapse as a return of the illness symptom which are severe enough tot disrupt daily activities or require unscheduled in patient or outpatient intervention.
Herz (1999) outlined five phases, relapse for psychosis, these are:
This chapter deals with the method the researcher use to carry out the research study. It gives a detailed data and description of research design, setting, target population, sampling technique, instrument for data collection, validity of instrument, method of collecting data, data analysis and ethical consideration.
Description survey method of research was adopted for this study .the prospective method of data collection was used which involved the administration of structural questionnaire to the respondent.
These chapters deal with the presentation of data and the analysis of data collection from the questionnaire to 100 respondents and were analyzed separately using simple percentage table and bar charts.
Section A: (Personal Data)
Table I: Respondents by Sex
This chapter summarizes the discussion of finding, show the relationship of the research to other studies and the implication to Nursing. It also summarize the whole chapter showing the conclusion and recommendations. The study is based on the study conducted in Federal Neuropsychiatry Hospital Barnawa, Kaduna.
Discussion of Findings
The research carried out showed that Attitude of Nures towards relapse prevention among psychiatric patients in Federal Neuropsychiatry Hospital Barnawa Kaduna can play a greater role in reducing the cases of relapse among psychiatric patient. The finding revealed that there is high rate of relapse among psychiatric patient which is common cause of concern to patients, their relations and the general public as a whole. This fact has proven by this research work.
The finding also revealed that relapse affect both the receiving treatment in the hospital and patients after discharge, it was also observed that the majority of the respondent consented that relapse rate should be reduced.
- Ademola, A. (2002). Basic Psychiatric Nursing, 2nd Edition. Nigeria: Manisha Printing Press, Ibadan.
- Boyd, M.N. (2001).Psychiatric Nursing: Contemporary Practice. 2nd edition, Lippincott.
- Burgess, A.W. (1997). Psychiatric Nursing Promoting Mental Illness, 3rd Edition. USA: Cappleton and Large Standford, Connecticut.
- Kaplan & Saddock (2005). Synopsis of Psychiatric Behavioral Science, Chemical Psychiatry. 9th edition, USA: Lippincott William and Wilkin, New York.
- Townsend, M.C. (2006). Psychiatric Mental Nursing, 5th edition. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.