An Investigation Into the Relationship Between Parental Attitude and Students’ Academic Performance in Langtang South Lga of Plateau State
Objective of the study
The objectives of the study are;
- To ascertain whether parental attitude can affect academic performance of student in Langtang south LGA of plateau state
- To ascertain the level of involvement of parent in academic performance of student in Langtang south LGA of plateau state
- To ascertain the relationship between Poor parental participation in their children’s education and academic performance of student in Langtang south LGA of plateau state
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Bogunović Blanka and Polovina Nada (2007) found in a study that the family stimulation is the resultant of the influence of cultural and educational profile of the family and active parental attitudes regarding education and attainment of their children. They examined the students’ attitudes towards schooling, and to obtain answers to the question: which stimulating aspects of family context are the most predictable for the development of educational aspirations, i.e. attitudes towards school and gaining knowledge, educational interests and plans for further education. The sample consisted of 1.464 eighth-grade sample students, aged 15, from 34 primary schools in Serbia. The data were collected by the use of questionnaires filled in by the students and school principals. The results indicated a trend of interrelatedness of cognitively and educationally favorable conditions within the family and positive attitudes towards school, attainment, high aspirations and cognitive and intellectual interests for out-of-school activities. Sen, (1992) in his study found that the cultural factors may play an intermediate role. They influence the choices made by individuals, through their own attitudes, and those of the people in their close environment. With respect to culture, India is part of what Caldwell (1982) has called the belt of classical patriarchy that stretches from North Africa to China and includes both Muslim, Hindu and Confucian cultures. His result indicated that the cultural factors show that belonging to a disadvantaged caste or tribe is negatively associated with schooling. Girls belonging to a scheduled caste are less in school in rural areas and girls belonging to a scheduled tribe are less in school in urban areas. The odds of being in school are also significantly reduced for children whose mothers had their first child at a young age and for children whose mothers have a preference for boys over girls. The percentage of women compared to men in the age group 20–59 is positively related to the odds of being in school in rural areas, thus his result 16 indicated that in districts with less “missing women” the chances of children being in school are higher. From the above literature it can be assumed that the education of a child is determined by several factors. So the review can be categorized into different sub parts as given below for better understating.
The researcher used descriptive research survey design in building up this project work the choice of this research design was considered appropriate because of its advantages of identifying attributes of a large population from a group of individuals. The design was suitable for the study as the study sought to an investigation into the relationship between parental attitude and students’ academic performance in Langtang south LGA of plateau state.
PRESENTATION ANALYSIS INTERPRETATION OF DATA
Efforts will be made at this stage to present, analyze and interpret the data collected during the field survey. This presentation will be based on the responses from the completed questionnaires. The result of this exercise will be summarized in tabular forms for easy references and analysis. It will also show answers to questions relating to the research questions for this research study. The researcher employed simple percentage in the analysis.
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain an investigation into the relationship between parental attitude and students’ academic performance in Langtang south LGA of plateau state
In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of parental attitude and students’ academic performance in Langtang south LGA of plateau state
This study was on an investigation into the relationship between parental attitude and students’ academic performance in Langtang south LGA of plateau state. Three objectives were raised which included: To ascertain whether parental attitude can affect academic performance of student in Langtang south LGA of plateau state, to ascertain the level of involvement of parent in academic performance of student in Langtang south LGA of plateau state and to ascertain the relationship between Poor parental participation in their children’s education and academic performance of student in Langtang south LGA of plateau state. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary schools Langtang south LGA of plateau state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up principals, teachers, senior staff and junior staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
This study has provided that students whose parents provided them with a home library and other educational materials were high achievers as against those whose parents did not provide them with the facility for home library and other educational materials as shown in the results. The result further confirmed that students who received assistance from home on their school works such as in the area of coaching classes were academically better than those that did not receive such assistance. This corroborates the opinion of Bansal, Thind, and Jaswal(2006) that good quality of home environment had significant positive correlation with high level of achievement motivation among high achievers. Similarly, Paulson (1996) indicated that parental involvement had a positive effect on adolescent level of achievement
That School administrators should find ways and means of keeping in close contact with parents and make it a point of duty to provide them with regular feedback on the activities of their children at school More library facilities should be made available all over the country and students be educated on how to make adequate and proper use of them. Parents should as of necessity intensify their efforts at monitoring, showing more of interest as well as creating needed time for their children’s academic activities. Adult educators should provide counselling services to advise parents on the best ways of helping their children’s academic progress or achievement.
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