The research study is introduced be the understanding of both football and family relationship; stating the problem of research which include: family members and other significant individuals in the person’s life. The objectives of the study reflects the loss of football game on family relationship, why do members of family transfer aggression wherever their team clubs loss a match and further how family relationship can be improved
For the purpose of the research study several literatures were reviewed to gain basic and comprehensive knowledge about the research paper. The methodology of the research paper determine to understand the relationship between football and domestic violence and abuse using a secondary research method.
In conclusion this is an important addition to the existing quantitative evidence base. Highlighting the complex and contested nature of the relationship between football and DVA, a diverse range of contributory and confounding factors were identified in the form of alcohol, the weather, match expectations, team affiliations, gendered norms, class, ethnicity, masculinity, entitlement and permissions. Consequently, all stakeholders had concerns about the reliability and implications of data suggesting a causal link between football and DVA, and what this might mean for policy and practice, albeit for very different reasons.
Chapter One Background of Study
Football is a group of team sports in which players kick a ball to score a goal in various ways. Unqualified, the term football usually refers to the most popular kind of football in the area where it is used. Association football (also known as soccer in certain countries) is a sport that is usually referred to as football. Gridiron football, particularly American or Canadian football, Australian rules football, rugby football, either rugby union or rugby league, and Gaelic football are all examples of gridiron football [2003, Reilly]. Football codes are the different versions of football that have differing degrees of common roots. There are many references to traditional, ancient, or prehistoric ball games that were played in various areas of the globe [football history, 2018]. Football’s modern rules may be traced back to the 19th century standardization of these sports in English public schools [Bailey, 1995]. The British Empire’s growth and cultural impact enabled these football regulations to expand to regions of British influence outside of the Empire’s direct authority [perkin, 1989]. By the end of the nineteenth century, different regional codes had emerged: Gaelic football, for example, had purposefully integrated the rules of local traditional football games to preserve their history [Bale, 2002]. The Football League was established in 1888 in England, and it was the first of several professional football leagues. Several types of football evolved into some of the most popular team sports in the world throughout the twentieth century [Bale, 2002].
A family is a group of individuals who are connected through consanguinity, affinity, marriage or another connection in human society. Families exist to ensure the well-being of its members and society as a whole. As members grow and participate in the community, families should provide predictability, structure, and safety [Donald, 2010] Children learn socialization for life outside the home in most cultures, and families serve as the main source of connection, caring, and socialization for humans [Lander, 2013]. Furthermore, as the fundamental unit for fulfilling the basic requirements of its members, it offers a feeling of limits for completing activities in a secure environment, idealizes the development of a person into a functioning adult, transmits culture, and guarantees humankind’s continuity with knowledge antecedents. Most family organizations are classified as matrifocal, which includes a mother and her children; patrifocal, which includes a father and his children; conjugal, which includes a wife, her husband, and children, also known as the nuclear family; avuncular, which includes a grandparent, a brother, his sister, and her children; or extended, which includes extended parents and children
who live with other members of one parent’s family. Spouses, parents, grandparents, siblings, sisters, sons, and daughters are all examples of direct family members. Aunts, uncles, cousins, nephews, nieces, and siblings-in-
law are examples of extended family members. Depending on an individual’s particular connection with them, they are sometimes regarded members of the immediate family, although the legal meaning of “immediate family” differs [Family law in the year 2020]. Incest laws, such as the incest taboo, govern sexual interactions between family members. The goal of genealogy is to trace a family’s ancestry back through time. In family economics, the family is also a significant economic unit. The term “families” may be utilized to construct more inclusive categories like community, nationhood, and global village.
Chapter Two Literature Review
Family characteristically define the characteristics of family members such as those who share a place of residence, or who are related through blood ties or legal contracts. A commonly used definition is that of the Census Bureau, “a householder and one or more other persons living in the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption” (Sharman, 2022). This definition includes many family types commonly regarded as families including traditional families (breadwinner husband, homemaker wife and their children), remarried families, dual-earner families, and single parent families. Yet it also omits some relationships that are commonly regarded as an integral part of families: ™ A grandparent who does not reside in the household, A noncustodial parent, An unmarried parent who does not reside with his/her child, A child in a divorced family who spends half of the week with one parent and stepparent, and the other half with another parent and stepparent, A man and woman who are legally married but maintain separate apartments and see each other on weekends. Another frequently used structural definition is “two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption” (Trendl et al., 2021).
This definition broadens the scope by counting as “family” people who do not live together, but are related biologically or through legal contracts. Yet, though this definition is more inclusive, some would contend it still excludes some arrangements that many might recognize as legitimate families. For example, long-term foster families are not related by birth, marriage, or adoption, yet carry out many family functions over a significant period of time. Both these structural definitions exclude communal living arrangements and gay and lesbian couples (Manoli et al., 2020).
Chapter Three Research Methodology
The research that served as the foundation for this work sought to determine how we could better comprehend, quantify, and address any potential relationships between football and DVA, as well as to determine whether it would be feasible to do additional research on this topic.
With a dual emphasis, we were able to both provide useful data and consider the opinions of stakeholders, including any reservations they may have had about future study.
Chapter Four Discussions and Findings
Participants in the study were questioned about their understanding of the available research on football and DVA, their top worries regarding this matter, and how this information should guide future research and policy. Despite the fact that their knowledge and comprehension of this connection differed, all respondents thought there might be a connection or association between DVA and football.
More investigation into football and DVA was viewed generally favourably, but with a few important qualifications. While some in the football community were curious about whether there was any evidence of a causal relationship between DVA and football, others believed the problem was too complicated and multifaceted to have simple explanations. Importantly, participants raised issues with the current body of research and the necessity to understand DVA as a pattern of persistent behaviour rather than just an occurrence connected to a specific event, like a football game.
Chapter Five Summary and Conclusion
The findings presented in this paper provide a rare insight into the perceived link between DVA and football from the perspective of key stakeholders, including football authorities and organisations; national specialist DVA organisations; the police; government policymakers; supporters’ organisations; and survivors
. This is an important addition to the existing quantitative evidence base. Highlighting the complex and contested nature of the relationship between football and DVA, a diverse range of contributory and confounding factors were identified in the form of alcohol, the weather, match expectations, team affiliations, gendered norms, class, ethnicity, masculinity, entitlement and permissions. Consequently, all stakeholders had concerns about the reliability and implications of data suggesting a causal link between football and DVA, and what this might mean for policy and practice, albeit for very different reasons
Football authorities expressed underlying concerns about whether football was simply anincidental site due to the large numbers of men who watch and support the sport. Meanwhile, specialist DVA service providers were concerned that focusing on football masks the underlying gendered causes of DVA and potentially offers perpetrators excuses for their abusive behaviour. Arguably, the focus within existing research on football lmatches risks over-simplifying and ‘re-incidentalising’ DVA; replicating a process whereby DVA is reduced to an incident or set of discreet incidents through conventional agency or police responses, rather that facilitating a more nuanced understanding of DVA as a form of ‘coercive control’ embedded within an ongoing pattern of behaviour.
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