Business Administration Project Topics

Effect of Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction. Study of Hotels in Awka South.

Effect of Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction. Study of Hotels in Awka South.

Effect of Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction. Study of Hotels in Awka South.


Objectives of the Study

This study has three specific objectives:

  1. To assess the factors that contribute to service quality in hotels in Awka South.
  2. To analyze the influence of service quality on customer satisfaction in these hotels.
  3. To determine the extent to which customer satisfaction can be used as a metric for the success and competitiveness of hotels in Awka South.



Conceptual Review

Service Quality in the Hospitality Industry

Service quality is a fundamental concept in the hospitality industry, and its importance cannot be overstated. In the context of hotels in Awka South, service quality is the linchpin upon which the entire guest experience hinges (Nebo & Okolo, 2020). It encompasses various elements that directly impact customer satisfaction.

Efficiency and courtesy of staff are pivotal components of service quality (Glaveli et al., 2020). Guests expect hotel staff to be professional, helpful, and accommodating. The interactions between staff and guests set the tone for the entire stay and greatly influence the overall satisfaction of customers. Courteous and efficient staff can leave a lasting positive impression, leading to increased customer loyalty.

The cleanliness and maintenance of hotel facilities play a crucial role in service quality (Ogungbayi et al., 2019). Guests have high expectations when it comes to hygiene and the condition of rooms and common areas. A well-maintained and clean environment contributes significantly to the comfort and satisfaction of guests. In contrast, poor maintenance and cleanliness can lead to negative reviews, potentially deterring future customers.

Responsiveness to customer needs is another integral aspect of service quality (Nkwede & Okpara, 2017). Guests anticipate that their requests and preferences were addressed promptly and effectively. This ability to adapt to the specific needs of each guest can make a substantial difference in their overall satisfaction. Inadequate responsiveness can result in guest dissatisfaction and a reduced likelihood of returning.

The service quality within the hospitality industry goes hand in hand with customer satisfaction. This section of the literature review sets the stage for further exploration of the critical relationship between service quality and customer satisfaction in hotels in Awka South.





This chapter outlines the methodology employed in this study to investigate the effect of service quality on customer satisfaction in hotels within Awka South. Methodology plays a pivotal role in the research process as it provides a systematic approach to data collection and analysis, ensuring the validity and reliability of research findings (Saunders et al., 2019). In this chapter, we discuss the research design, population of the study, sampling technique and sample size, sources and methods of data collection, data analysis methods, and ethical considerations.

Research Design

The research design serves as the blueprint for the study, guiding data collection and analysis. For this study, a quantitative survey research design was chosen. A quantitative approach was deemed suitable as it enables the collection of numerical data from a large sample of respondents, facilitating statistical analysis to draw generalizable conclusions (Saunders et al., 2019). This approach aligns with the research objectives, which require a comprehensive examination of the relationship between service quality and customer satisfaction in the context of Awka South hotels.

The use of a quantitative survey design is justified by the need to gather data from a substantial number of hotel guests within Awka South. This method allows for the systematic collection of structured data through a questionnaire, enabling the measurement of service quality factors and their impact on customer satisfaction. A survey design is well-suited for capturing the perceptions and opinions of a wide range of respondents and facilitates statistical analysis to identify trends and relationships within the data (Bell, Bryman, & Harley, 2019).



Data Presentation



Summary of Findings

The study aimed to explore the relationship between service quality and customer satisfaction in hotels in Awka South, with a focus on identifying key factors influencing service quality and their impact on customer satisfaction. The research involved surveying 120 respondents who had recently stayed at various hotels in the region. The analysis of the collected data revealed valuable insights into the hospitality industry, offering a comprehensive understanding of the factors that contribute to service quality, customer satisfaction, and the significance of these aspects for the success and competitiveness of hotels in Awka South.

The findings of the study underscore the critical role of service quality in the hospitality industry, highlighting that service quality significantly influences customer satisfaction in hotels in Awka South. A large proportion of respondents (86.7%) reported that they had a positive experience with the service quality provided during their stay. This outcome aligns with the existing literature on the subject (Alabboodi, 2019; Gachau, 2016) and confirms that hotels that excel in delivering high-quality services are more likely to satisfy their customers and enhance their overall experience.

Moreover, the study explored the impact of specific aspects of service quality, such as staff courtesy and professionalism, cleanliness and maintenance of hotel facilities, and responsiveness and adaptability in service delivery. The results revealed that a significant number of respondents strongly agreed or agreed that the staff at the hotels were courteous and professional (67.3%), and the behaviour and attitude of the hotel staff positively impacted their overall satisfaction during their stay (73.1%). These findings are consistent with the work of other researchers (Munusamy et al., 2020; Olaoye & Ekundayo, 2017) and emphasize the pivotal role of staff behavior and attitude in enhancing customer satisfaction.

In addition, the study highlighted the importance of cleanliness and maintenance in hotel facilities. The majority of respondents (77.9%) either strongly agreed or agreed that the cleanliness of the hotel facilities met their standards and expectations, and the well-maintained facilities significantly contributed to their satisfaction with the hotel (67.3%). These findings corroborate the research conducted by Ogungbayi et al. (2019) and underline that maintaining a clean and well-maintained environment significantly influences guest perceptions and satisfaction.

The research also examined the role of responsiveness and adaptability in service delivery in the hospitality industry. The results revealed that a substantial proportion of respondents strongly agreed or agreed that the hotel staff’s responsiveness to their needs and requests was exceptional (70.2%), and the hotel’s ability to adapt to their specific requirements contributed significantly to their overall satisfaction (72.1%). These outcomes support the research conducted by Shanka (2022) and underscore the significance of prompt responses and adaptability in ensuring guest satisfaction.

Furthermore, the study examined the impact of customer satisfaction on the success and competitiveness of hotels in Awka South. The results indicated that while the majority of respondents (69.2%) either strongly agreed or agreed that customer satisfaction significantly contributed to the success and competitiveness of hotels in the region, there was a proportion of respondents (30.8%) who disagreed or were uncertain about this aspect. These findings emphasize the role of customer satisfaction in attracting repeat business, positive word-of-mouth recommendations, and the long-term success of hotels in the region (Kuhlemeyer & Allen, 2019; Nkwede & Okpara, 2017).

Overall, the study’s findings provide valuable insights into the complex dynamics of service quality and customer satisfaction in the hospitality industry in Awka South. The research confirmed that service quality plays a pivotal role in customer satisfaction, with staff behavior, cleanliness, maintenance, responsiveness, and adaptability all significantly contributing to guests’ overall experiences. Moreover, the study reinforced the idea that customer satisfaction is closely linked to the success and competitiveness of hotels in the region, making it a critical factor for the long-term growth and sustainability of these establishments. These findings have practical implications for hotel management, highlighting the importance of prioritizing service quality and customer satisfaction to maintain a competitive edge in the vibrant hospitality industry of Awka South.


The study conducted on hotels in Awka South revealed pivotal findings regarding service quality, customer satisfaction, and their impact on the competitiveness of the establishments. Notably, the research established a significant positive relationship between service quality and customer satisfaction, contradicting the notion that there might not be a direct link. This result underscores the critical role of service quality in influencing and enhancing customer satisfaction within the hospitality industry, aligning with the experiences and perceptions of guests in these hotels.

Moreover, the study refuted the hypothesis that customer satisfaction does not contribute significantly to the success and competitiveness of hotels in Awka South. The findings indicated that customer satisfaction indeed plays a crucial role in the overall success and competitive positioning of these establishments. Satisfied customers are more likely to become repeat patrons and advocates for the hotel, thereby influencing the establishment’s reputation and potential for sustained success.

In conclusion, the results clearly demonstrate that service quality is intricately linked to customer satisfaction, which in turn significantly impacts the success and competitiveness of hotels in Awka South. The implications are substantial, emphasizing the necessity for hotel management to prioritize service quality and customer satisfaction as pivotal factors for the sustained growth and competitiveness of their establishments in this dynamic and competitive industry.


Based on the findings of this study, several recommendations can be made to help hotels in Awka South improve their service quality, enhance customer satisfaction, and boost their competitiveness in the industry:

  1. Continuous Service Quality Improvement: Hotels should establish processes for continuous improvement in service quality. Regular training programs for staff can help enhance their skills and maintain a high level of service.
  2. Focus on Staff Courtesy and Professionalism: Given the importance of staff behavior in guest satisfaction, hotels should prioritize the professionalism and courtesy of their employees. Regular training and incentives can encourage staff to consistently exhibit these qualities.
  3. Invest in Cleanliness and Maintenance: Maintaining high standards of cleanliness and facility maintenance is crucial for guest satisfaction. Hotels should allocate sufficient resources to ensure that their facilities meet and exceed guests’ expectations.
  4. Adaptability and Responsiveness: Hotels should empower their staff to be adaptable and responsive to guests’ needs and preferences. This can be achieved through staff training and creating a culture of flexibility and guest-centricity.
  5. Leverage Customer Feedback: Establish a system for collecting and analyzing customer feedback to identify areas of improvement. Act on guest suggestions and concerns promptly to demonstrate a commitment to their satisfaction.
  6. Enhance Employee Satisfaction: Satisfied employees are more likely to deliver better service. Hotels should invest in their staff’s job satisfaction, which, in turn, can positively impact the guest experience.
  7. Promote Customer Loyalty Programs: Implementing customer loyalty programs can encourage repeat visits and word-of-mouth recommendations. Offering rewards, discounts, or exclusive benefits to returning customers can enhance guest loyalty.
  8. Regularly Review and Update Competitive Strategies: Hotels should regularly assess their competitive strategies, considering the findings of this study. Understanding the strong link between customer satisfaction and competitiveness, they can adjust their approach to better cater to guest needs and preferences, ensuring long-term success.

Contribution to Knowledge

This study on the “Effect of Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction in Hotels in Awka South” makes a significant contribution to the existing body of knowledge in the fields of hospitality management and customer service. Firstly, it provides empirical evidence that directly links service quality to customer satisfaction in the context of hotels. While the importance of service quality has been widely acknowledged in the hospitality industry, this research reinforces the significance of this relationship, offering concrete data and findings that support the idea that improving service quality can lead to increased customer satisfaction. This contribution is vital for both researchers and practitioners in the field, as it reaffirms the foundation on which the hospitality industry is built.

Secondly, this study sheds light on the crucial role of customer satisfaction in the success and competitiveness of hotels. The findings indicate that customer satisfaction is not just a superficial metric but a fundamental factor that can determine the long-term viability and profitability of hotels in Awka South. This insight challenges the traditional view of customer satisfaction as a secondary concern and underscores its pivotal role in achieving and sustaining success in the highly competitive hospitality sector. Researchers and industry professionals can utilize these findings to develop strategies and practices that prioritize customer satisfaction, thereby enhancing the overall guest experience and the profitability of hotels.


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