Environmental Management Project Topics

Effects of Covid-19 on Energy Investment

Effects of Covid-19 on Energy Investment

Effects of Covid-19 on Energy Investment

Chapter One 

Objective of the study

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To ascertain the effect of covid19 on energy investment
  2. To ascertain the effect of energy sector on Nigeria economy during covid19 pandemic
  3. To ascertain the effect of covid19 on energy demand




Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.

Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment.  Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.

The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching your face.

The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).

At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments. WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings become available

SUBJECT IN FOCUS: Origin of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus causing COVID-19

The first human cases of COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus causing COVID-19, subsequently named SARS-CoV-2 were first reported by officials in Wuhan City, China, in December 2019. Retrospective investigations by Chinese authorities have identified human cases with onset of symptoms in early December 2019. While some of the earliest known cases had a link to a wholesale food market in Wuhan, some did not. Many of the initial patients were either stall owners, market employees, or regular visitors to this market. Environmental samples taken from this market in December 2019 tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, further suggesting that the market in Wuhan City was the source of this outbreak or played a role in the initial amplification of the outbreak. The market was closed on 1 January 2020. SARS-CoV-2 was identified in early January and its genetic sequence shared publicly on 11-12 January. The full genetic sequence of SARS-CoV-2 from the early human cases and the sequences of many other virus isolated from human cases from China and all over the world since then show that SARS-CoV-2 has an ecological origin in bat populations. All available evidence to date suggests that the virus has a natural animal origin and is not a manipulated or constructed virus. Many researchers have been able to look at the genomic features of SARS-CoV-2 and have found that evidence does not support that SARS-CoV-2 is a laboratory construct. If it were a constructed virus, its genomic sequence would show a mix of known elements. This is not the case. Another coronavirus, SARS-CoV-1, the cause of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003, was also closely related to other coronaviruses isolated from bats. These close genetic relations of SARS-CoV-1, SARSCoV-2 and other coronaviruses, suggest that they all have their ecological origin in bat populations. Many of these coronaviruses can also infect several animal species. For example, SARS-CoV-1 infected civet cats and then humans, while the virus causing the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) is found in dromedary camels, and has continued to infect humans since 2012. All available evidence for COVID-19 suggests that SARS-CoV-2 has a zoonotic source. Since there is usually limited close contact between humans and bats, it is more likely that transmission of the virus to humans happened through another animal species, one that is more likely to be handled by humans. This intermediate animal host or zoonotic source could be a domestic animal, a wild animal, or a domesticated wild animal and, as of yet, has not been identified. All the published genetic sequences of SARS-CoV-2 isolated from human cases are very similar. This suggests that the start of the outbreak resulted from a single point introduction in the human population around the time that the virus was first reported in humans in Wuhan, China in December 2019. A number of investigations to better understand the source of the outbreak in China are currently underway or planned, including investigations of human cases with symptom onset in and around Wuhan in late 2019, environmental sampling from markets and farms in areas where the first human cases were identified, and detailed records on the source and type of wildlife species and farmed animals sold in these markets. Results from these studies are essential to preventing further zoonotic introductions of SARS-CoV-2 into the human population. WHO continues to collaborate with animal health and human health experts, Member States, and other partners to identify gaps and research priorities for the control of COVID-19, including the eventual identification of the source of the virus in China.







Research design

The researcher used descriptive research survey design in building up this project work the choice of this research design was considered appropriate because of its advantages of identifying attributes of a large population from a group of individuals. The design was suitable for the study as the study sought effect of COVID19 on energy investment

Sources of data collection

Data were collected from two main sources namely:

(i)Primary source and

(ii)Secondary source

Primary source:                          

These are materials of statistical investigation which were collected by the research for a particular purpose. They can be obtained through a survey, observation questionnaire or as experiment; the researcher has adopted the questionnaire method for this study.

Secondary source:

These are data from textbook Journal handset etc. they arise as byproducts of the same other purposes. Example administration, various other unpublished works and write ups were also used.

Population of the study

Population of a study is a group of persons or aggregate items, things the researcher is interested in getting information effect of COVID19 on energy investment. 200 staffs of NNPC lagos was selected randomly by the researcher as the population of the study.




Efforts will be made at this stage to present, analyze and interpret the data collected during the field survey.  This presentation will be based on the responses from the completed questionnaires. The result of this exercise will be summarized in tabular forms for easy references and analysis. It will also show answers to questions relating to the research questions for this research study. The researcher employed simple percentage in the analysis.




It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain the effect of COVID19 on energy investment. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of COVID19 the effect of COVID19 on energy investment Summary     

This study was on the effect of COVID19 on energy investment. Three objectives were raised which included: To ascertain the effect of covid19 on energy investment, to ascertain the effect of energy sector on Nigeria economy during covid19 pandemic and to ascertain the effect of covid19 on energy demand. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staffs of NNPC lagos. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made HRMs, marketers, administrative staffs and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


Although not mentioned directly in the Order, the impact of Covid 19 on the Nigerian Government’s revenue derivable from the sales of crude oil which global price has now nosedived steadily is real both on the Nigerian economy and its citizenry. Combined with the economic lockdown that the pandemic has occasioned the need to free the end-use customers of electricity in Nigeria of any increase in tariff, however minor and at least in the meanwhile, becomes imperative. Added to this are lack of significant improvement in service delivery and metering of customers.


Fighting against COVID-19 spreading, including sharing the information of the disease transmission and epidemiological knowledge, sharing the experiences on case management and treatment approaches both for severe cases or light symptoms, and sharing new technologies or strategies to contain the transmission.


  • BBC (2020) Coronavirus: US accused of ‘piracy’ over mask ‘confiscation’. 4 April 2020 https://www.bbc.com/news/world-52161995
  •  Bradley J. (2020) In Scramble for Coronavirus Supplies, Rich Countries Push Poor Aside. The New York Times. April 9th, 2020 https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/09/world/coronavirus-equipmentrich-poor.html
  • Campbell P. (2020) Volvo back to ‘normal’ in China as it shuts EU and US car plants. The Financial Times. March 20th 2020 https://www.ft.com/content/5242a464-6a84-11ea-800d-da70cff6e4d3
  • Craven M., Mysore M., Singhal S., Smit S. and Wilson M. (2020) COVID-19: Briefing note.
  • McKinsey&Company. March 30, 2020 https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/mckinsey/business%20functions/risk/our%20insights/covid%2019%20implications%20for%20 business/covid%2019%20march%2030/covid-19-briefing%20notemarch-30-2020.ashx
  • Demidov V. (2020) Fatal interest rates: how the country’s energy complex was on the brink of survival. Zakon.kz. April 10th 2020 https://www.zakon.kz/5016305-rokovye-protsenty-kak-energeticheskiy.html
  •  Efrati I. (2020) ‘It’s a World War, Competition Is Mad’: Israel Fails in Its Hunt for Ventilators Abroad.