Education Project Topics

Issues and Problems of Hookup and Promiscuous Behavior Among Undergraduates

Issues and Problems of Hookup and Promiscuous Behavior Among Undergraduates

Issues and Problems of Hookup and Promiscuous Behavior Among Undergraduates

Chapter One

Objective of the study

  1. To explore how hookup culture influences the formation of relationships and commitment among undergraduates
  1. To analyze the emotional and mental well-being of undergraduate students engaged in hookup and promiscuous behavior
  2. To assess the impact of promiscuous behavior on the academic performance of undergraduate students




A Students in tertiary institutions are late adolescents and early adults who are mostly between the” ages of 17 and mid-twenties. These are youths at the peak of sexuality awareness and above puberty. This has led to sexual experimentation and exploration often resulting to sexual promiscuity. Authors like Itaimata (2008) posited that with unbridled freedom, the students in tertiary institutions began to push the limits of acceptable behaviour taking advantage of freedom bestowed on them as supposed ‘adults’. He made it clear that sexual promiscuity is based on the premise that students are adults that should be able to take care of themselves independent of their parents, they therefore begin to carry out actions detrimental to their survival well-being. The concept of sexual promiscuity depends on the environmental perspective and cultural inclination of the people. Promiscuity is the practice of having casual sex frequently with different partners or being indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners. The term can carry moral judgment if the social ideal for sexual activity is monogamous relationships. (…promiscuity). In his own view Misi (2008) opines that sexual promiscuity both in male or female is the use of one’s body for the purpose of remuneration or consideration of any form. The world health organization (WHO 2005) views sexual promiscuity as habitual activities whereby an individual trades his or her body, pride and well-being from one customer to another or from one place to another for financial, social and political remuneration. Institutions of higher learning in Nigeria record cases of sexual promiscuity among the students. Sometimes young men drive to the gates of the institutions and beat prices with some male, students who negotiate girls for them during weekends. Olugbile, Abu & Adelakun (2008) made it known that sexual promiscuity is very rampant in our higher institutions and average campus has several networks where most of these students stand outside their hostels and halls to solicit for business. The hardened ones see their campuses as too boring and do not operate inside the university campuses to achieve their deviant act. They have as choice to take their trade directly to their customers at night at the nearby city clubs or customers that will likely wish to patronize them. At this point one might ask “what is the actual cause of sexual promiscuity in tertiary institutions in Nigeria especially: in Anambra State. Bulus & Janice (2008) wrote that peer influence is everywhere in the campuses where everyone wants to be a happening girl or boy and ends up indulging in prostitution.

Concept of hookup

The Concept of Hookup: Exploring Casual Sexual Encounters

The concept of hookup refers to a relatively recent phenomenon characterized by casual, often brief, and non-committal sexual encounters between individuals, typically without the expectation of forming a long-term romantic relationship. Hookup culture has gained prominence in contemporary society, particularly among young adults, and has been the subject of extensive academic, cultural, and social discussions.

Defining Characteristics of Hookup Culture:

  1. No Commitment: One of the defining features of hookup culture is the absence of commitment. Participants engage in sexual activities without the intention of pursuing a committed relationship or emotional attachment.
  2. Brief Encounters: Hookups are often brief encounters, emphasizing physical pleasure and immediate gratification. Emotional intimacy takes a backseat to the pursuit of physical pleasure.
  3. Minimal Communication: Communication within hookup encounters tends to be focused on logistics and sexual preferences, rather than personal matters or emotions. This lack of emotional communication distinguishes hookups from more traditional forms of dating or courtship.
  4. Variability: Hookups can range from a one-time event to repeated encounters with the same partner or different partners. Some individuals may engage in hookups occasionally, while others may adopt hookup culture as a primary mode of sexual interaction.
  5. Alcohol and Parties: Hookup culture is often associated with social settings involving alcohol and parties. Many hookups occur in the context of social gatherings where inhibitions may be lowered, leading to spontaneous sexual encounters.







In this chapter, we described the research procedure for this study. A research methodology is a research process adopted or employed to systematically and scientifically present the results of a study to the research audience viz. a vis, the study beneficiaries.


Research designs are perceived to be an overall strategy adopted by the researcher whereby different components of the study are integrated in a logical manner to effectively address a research problem. In this study, the researcher employed the survey research design. This is due to the nature of the study whereby the opinion and views of people are sampled. According to Singleton & Straits, (2009), Survey research can use quantitative research strategies (e.g., using questionnaires with numerically rated items), qualitative research strategies (e.g., using open-ended questions), or both strategies (i.e., mixed methods). As it is often used to describe and explore human behaviour, surveys are therefore frequently used in social and psychological research.


According to Udoyen (2019), a study population is a group of elements or individuals as the case may be, who share similar characteristics. These similar features can include location, gender, age, sex or specific interest. The emphasis on study population is that it constitutes of individuals or elements that are homogeneous in description.

This study was carried to examine Issues and problem of hookup and  promiscuous behavior among undergraduates. Selected students in University of Uyo form the population of the study.




This chapter presents the analysis of data derived through the questionnaire and key informant interview administered on the respondents in the study area. The analysis and interpretation were derived from the findings of the study. The data analysis depicts the simple frequency and percentage of the respondents as well as interpretation of the information gathered. A total of eighty (80) questionnaires were administered to respondents of which only seventy-seven (77) were returned and validated. This was due to irregular, incomplete and inappropriate responses to some questionnaire. For this study a total of 77 was validated for the analysis.




It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain Issues and problem of hookup and  promiscuous behavior among undergraduates. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing Issues and problem of hookup and  promiscuous behavior among undergraduates.


This study was on Issues and problem of hookup and  promiscuous behavior among undergraduates. Three objectives were raised which included: To explore how hookup culture influences the formation of relationships and commitment among undergraduates, to analyze the emotional and mental well-being of undergraduate students engaged in hookup and promiscuous behavior and to assess the impact of promiscuous behavior on the academic performance of undergraduate students. A total of 77 responses were received and validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents were drawn from selected students in University of Uyo. Hypothesis was tested using Chi-Square statistical tool (SPSS).


The issues and problems stemming from hookup culture and promiscuous behavior among undergraduate students highlight the complex interplay between personal choices, societal norms, and psychological well-being. Through a closer examination of these challenges, it becomes evident that while hookup culture offers newfound freedoms, it is not without its drawbacks and implications.

The emotional toll of casual encounters, including feelings of emptiness, regret, and anxiety, underscores the importance of recognizing the emotional needs of individuals within these interactions. The disconnect between physical satisfaction and emotional fulfillment can lead to psychological distress, impacting the overall well-being of undergraduates.

Relationship dynamics are also influenced by hookup culture, potentially blurring the lines between casual encounters and committed partnerships. The struggle to navigate the fine line between brief physical connections and lasting emotional bonds underscores the need for open communication and a reevaluation of societal norms surrounding relationships.

The normalization of superficial connections within hookup culture raises concerns about the devaluation of emotional intimacy, fostering an environment where immediate gratification takes precedence over the development of genuine connections. This normalization has the potential to reshape societal values and expectations regarding the nature of relationships and commitment.

Gender imbalances and power dynamics further complicate the landscape of hookup culture, potentially perpetuating harmful stereotypes and unequal expectations between genders. These dynamics not only affect the experiences of individuals but also have broader societal implications that require careful consideration.

In the academic realm, the impact of hookup culture on students’ academic performance is a notable concern. Juggling casual relationships with educational responsibilities can lead to distractions and hinder educational success, requiring students to strike a delicate balance between personal and academic pursuits.

As we conclude this exploration, it is evident that the issues and problems associated with hookup and promiscuous behavior among undergraduates require a multifaceted approach. Educational institutions, policymakers, and society must collaborate to foster an environment that promotes emotional well-being, sexual health education, and open communication about relationships.

Ultimately, the challenges posed by hookup culture prompt us to consider the holistic development of undergraduate students. By acknowledging the psychological, emotional, and societal consequences of these behaviors, we can pave the way for a more informed, empowered, and emotionally resilient generation that navigates the complexities of relationships and personal choices with greater awareness and sensitivity.


These recommendations encompass educational institutions, policymakers, parents, and society at large:

  1. Comprehensive Sexual Education: Educational institutions should prioritize comprehensive sexual education programs that not only emphasize safe sex practices but also focus on emotional well-being, communication skills, and healthy relationship dynamics.
  2. Open Dialogue: Encourage open and non-judgmental discussions about relationships, intimacy, and the potential impact of casual encounters. Creating spaces for students to share their experiences and concerns can help break down taboos and foster understanding.
  3. Gender Equality Education: Incorporate gender equality education into curricula to challenge harmful stereotypes and power dynamics perpetuated by hookup culture. Emphasizing consent, respect, and mutual understanding is vital for creating equitable relationships.
  4. Mental Health Support: Establish counseling services that address the emotional challenges associated with hookup culture. Providing students with accessible resources for managing feelings of emptiness, regret, and anxiety can contribute to their overall well-being.
  5. Relationship Education: Offer workshops and seminars on relationship skills, emotional intelligence, and effective communication. Equipping students with tools to navigate both casual and committed relationships can lead to healthier interactions



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