Parental Attitudes Towards E-learning During Covid 19 Pandemic on Secondary School Students
The main aim of the study is to examine Parental attitudes towards e-learning during covid 19 pandemic in teaching and learning, other objectives that were raised in line with research questions are as follows:
- to determine how online teaching affects social distancing in teaching and learning;
- to examine the impact of video conferencing on the physical contact spread of COVID-19 in teaching and learning
- to test the effect of internet usage on community spread of COVID-19 in teaching and learning.
Overview of Coronavirus Disease
Coronavirus Disease is a contagious disease that first emerged in Wuhan, China in 2019. It was later coded “COVID-19” by the W.H.O which stands for Coronavirus Disease 2019. The Coronavirus outbreak remains one of the worst global pandemics for decades. The mortality rate soared and the easy of spread was upsetting. Research shows that older people and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer were more likely to develop serious illnesses from coronavirus (W.H.O, 2020). Some of the symptoms of Coronavirus include; Sore throat, runny nose, constant coughing/sneezing, breathing difficulty and fatigue. As at the time of this study, there were no reliable treatments for Coronavirus, but a series of researches were in the pipeline across the world towards finding a clinical vaccine for the contagion. However, recent events show that behavioral change can help contain the spread of coronavirus. Some of the suggested measures to halt the coronavirus pandemic include; improved individual habits such as personal hygiene, including constant washing of hands with alcohol-based sanitizers, good respiratory attitude (close coughing and sneezing), and other personal protection practices like wearing of face mask, social distancing, avoiding touching of the face, and reducing contacts with people through self-isolation at home or avoiding nonessential travels or gatherings. Coronavirus is a global problem that requires more action coordination and global cooperation to successfully contain the outbreak and to deal with its aftermath effects. Consequently, the United Nations appealed for 2 billion dollars to support global response efforts towards tackling the coronavirus pandemic. The consequences of COVID-19 could be more severe; if people do not comply or adhere strictly to public health regulations and advice.
This section presents Methodology used in the study. It is presented under; Research Design, Target population, Sample Size, Sampling Technique and, Research Instruments, Validity of Research instruments, Reliability of Research instruments, Data collection procedures and Data Analysis Techniques.
RESULTS AND ANALYSIS
Demographic Information of parents
Distribution of parents by Gender
Table 1 above depicts the distribution of respondents by gender. It can be inferred from the table that 60% of the parents were males while 40% were females. This implies that majority of the parents were males.
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
In line with the findings, the paper finds that Parental attitudes towards e-learning has a significant effect on student’s performance. Nowadays, there is continuous and ever-increasing demand by customers for the use of remote activities to curb the spread of COVID-19. This is because stakeholders are increasingly becoming aware of the benefits of distance learning technologies in the educational sector. There are significant benefits of using social media in curbing COVID-19 entering the Secondary schools. Therefore, the use of social media is crucial for learning. Universities should encourage their actual usage in schools and discourage fake news that is usually associated with the use of social media. We’ve also encountered problems in applying video conference to curb physical contact spread of COVID-19 in teaching and learning. Some of these challenges are identified, such as inadequate electric power supply, poor network services from internet providers, lack of support to teachers in buying top-up and insecurity because of internet fraudsters. There are prospects of Internet usage as a strategy for curbing the spread of COVID- 19 in teaching and learning. Evidence from many researchers has shown that the use of internet usage in teaching and learning is capable of controlling the community spread of COVID-19. There is a strong and significant positive relationship between the Distance learning technologies and the spread of COVID-19; such that a 63.2% increase in Distance learning technologies will automatically lead to a 63.2% increase in curbing the spread of COVID-19.
The study establishes that modern technologies has been significantly helpful in managing teaching and learning in schools. COVID-19 has major effects on school characteristics, including research, academic programmes, Staff professional development and jobs in the academic sector etc. These effects were felt by both educational institutions, educators, students and parents and other stakeholders in education. The study emphasizes the need for adoption of technology in education, as a way to curb the effects of Coronavirus and other future pandemics in education. Thus, the study acknowledges that the decision to shutdown schools for Coronavirus across the world may be hurtful, but it is sensible considering the rate of spread, and the dangers imposed by COVID-19 pandemic. The unprecedented school closures for Coronavirus remains a lesson and a warning to the entire educational world particularly those who are yet to embrace or adopt emerging learning technologies that support online or remote education. Stakeholders in the education sector have to develop robust strategies to deal with post-Coronavirus era.
The paper recommends that Secondary schools should adopt online Teaching as an alternative to traditional teaching. This would enable a smooth process of academic schooling in case of any future disease outbreak. The use of Social media should be encouraged in all academic circles in Nigeria, from primary to Tertiary education to overcome coronavirus and other future disease outbreak in the country. All Nigerian Schools from primary to Tertiary must be ICT compliant to promote distance learning technologies. Secondary school Management should motivate their lectures by paying them to stipend for a top-up, regular training on the use of ICT tools and ensure adequate electric power supply to avoid all interruptions in online classes. Ministry of education should make sure that only ICT compliance Institutions should be given the licence to operate in Nigeria. This would help the use of distance learning technologies in all the learning Institutions in Nigeria. They are thereby reducing the spread of COVID-19 and any other disease that might surface in the future. Nigerian Government should make sure that there is an uninterrupted electric power supply nationwide to enable distance learning technologies to be efficient and effective.
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