Problems and Solution on Production and Processing of Cassava
Objectives of this project are:
- To examine the problems
- To find out the solution to some of the problems’
- To investigate the production and utilization of cassava in south part of Nigeria and also identify the different forms in which cassava are processed into its various finished products like processing the cassava to garri or fufu e.t.c as a food for human consumption.
Cassava is a root crop which can do well in poor exhausted soil and it is resistant to drought.
According to (Phillip 1979) cassava is a native of south America also was introduced to the continent of America and Africa by the Portuguese trade through quiet of Benin and Congo river during the second half of the sixteen century.
According to Leaky Etal (1987) the Portuguese have also introduce the mother of detax trying to root and producing food for consumption.
Robinson (1979) in the books physical and human geography said that certain starchy tuber maturing underground has become important staple food in some parts of the world. Among those starchy tuber is cassava or called manihot in the tropic, the floor is widely eaten in African countries, central and south part of America. He further said that cassava production is mostly done by sedentary and shifting peasant subsistence farmer in the tropical region including western part of Nigeria and specially Ovia North Local Government area were this study is being carried out of is noted that cassava was originally grown in Nigeria along the coast but moved further in, in the early 19th century.
Agriculturally in the land the 1920’s farming was mainly part of thraph land rotation or bush fallow system. That was traditional method whereby crops are planted before bush fallowing.
It received practically no care or maintenance and it was harvested as needed only when the family must have exhausted their yam bam. With more pressure cassava gained recognition as a permanent crop.
Onwueme (1978) described cassava as the dominant crop in the area of southern part of Nigeria. Which the federal government had decided to improve upon to the better lives of the people.
furthermore, he started the various composition of cassava are as following edible portion, but of the total 50% it contain 62.7 water minerals matter which is rich in ascorbic acid i.e. vitamin and riboflavin (vitamin A and B Nialin). However, the content of protein and vitamin tend to be reduced by processing require to remove cyanic acid contain in it.
Phillips (1979) stated that a mixture tuber has three distinct regions. According to (Anyanwu 1979) stated that a mixture tuber has three district regions, the water has perderm which may be think and bristle or smooth the cartilages region usually white in colours and creamy.
it is agreed that a mature cassava tuber excluding the tail may range in length from 100cm and weigh from 0.5- 2.0kg depending on the tail may variety and growing condition the angle and depth of the penetration of the tuber as well as colours of the tuber surface are also variety characteristic. He further said to into three regions airing the same view Anyanwu 1979 cultivation traditional. Agricultural is usually without any of applied fertilizers manure may occasionally be used but their use is not wide spread in improved agriculture.
Cassava however requires fertilizers, the précised fertilizer recommendation will depend on the nature of the soil the previous cropping history of the plot, the cultivation or cassava to be grown, the planting density and several production in Ovia north state. Diseases and pests prevalent are most important but rodents are also disturbing on the increase.
In this chapter the investigator will give detail of the research work. This will show the sample subject the instrument used for data collection and also carry out processing period cassava problems through skin. The major problem we allowed the crops to germinate before the period of time in when a heavy raining is penetrated and does not allow the cassava to grown well planning distance. The distance will give spacing to the cassava to the meter of planting a correct planting distance will observed as nutrient and it also allowed the crops the fertilized very well.
mostly majority of people in local area does not normally know the distance planting cassava they may and mostly particular people in the rural area does normally know the measurement distance of cultivation, the cassava to know as usual position from one place to another.
AREA OF STUDY
The population of this study consist farmer more the sample work collected village. These are Ekiadolor and Iguediaken. In mostly particular place that mostly the land and fertile for cultivated and most majority people know the area have nutrient and manure also present in the land because the land is good for planting crops and have good yield food crop because it good for cultivated different crop in time that will needs to carried out the activities or planting period around April to June period time or after replant for with edge of farm become later we replanting and for corner of farm often crops of farm already germinated or fertilized or in mostly area in south part area in Nigeria were populated is reached and also have carbohydrate in body temperature.
ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
This chapter is concerned with analysis of data the production and processing of cassava in Ovia North Local Government Area in Edo State.
The analysis of data for collection will be on the total 20 questions that are daily filled and returned to the respondents.
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
This study investigated the production and processing in Ovia-North Local government area of Edo state grow cassava themselves and in most case garri on the other hand, most consumers consume the product because of the awareness of the nutrient importance, a source of carbohydrate which provide energy. The study goes to show that table in product day and time.
Lastly the study goes further to explain why the farmers cultivated cassava in their forms due to its economic importance and growing importance of the product, due to the fact that it serves as energy giving food and the prominence given to it by the government in power.
However the processing of cassava product has been a problem to the farmer and the consumer due to lack of awareness of the various ways farmer can process their cassava hence the need to educate them on cassava processing and the area of cassava production derived from cassava production.
From the data collected one can proffers that the people of Ovia North Local Government Area of Edo State are largely dependant on cassava production for their live hood.
Having educated the farmer and consumer of cassava production of the various forms away cassava can be processed into the garri, tapioca starch and fufu e.t.c one can safely say that life will be better for the people of the area
However, if the needs to solve the problem highlighted in the processing chapter the following specific recommendation are made:-
- The necessary farm input for the production of cassava should be provided
- The farmers should be properly motivated and encourage through provision of loans
- Farmers should be educated on the various forms and ways cassava can be consumed
- There should be a system put in place where by farmer can get access to land easily and weak at low cost.
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