Entrepreneurship Project Topics

Promotion of Entrepreneurial Development and Poverty Reduction in FCT, Abuja

Promotion of Entrepreneurial Development and Poverty Reduction in FCT, Abuja

Promotion of Entrepreneurial Development and Poverty Reduction in FCT, Abuja

Chapter One

Objectives of the Study

The primary objectives of this research are threefold:

  1. To assess the current state of entrepreneurial activities in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.
  2. To examine the relationship between entrepreneurial development and poverty reduction in the region.
  3. To identify the challenges hindering entrepreneurial growth in the FCT.



Conceptual Review

 Entrepreneurship and Poverty Reduction

Entrepreneurship, a multifaceted concept, serves as a linchpin in the socio-economic fabric, with its implications reaching far beyond business realms. The term ‘entrepreneurship’ encompasses a spectrum of activities and initiatives aimed at creating and managing ventures for innovation, wealth creation, and economic development (Evans, 2019). In the context of poverty reduction, entrepreneurship takes centre stage as a transformative force. Scholars like Hussain et al. (2014) emphasize its potential to generate employment, income, and economic opportunities, thereby directly impacting poverty levels.

The dimensions of entrepreneurship in the poverty reduction discourse extend beyond mere economic ventures. Anwana’s (2022) exploration of the “My Entrepreneurship Goals Programme” underscores the broader dimensions, highlighting the role of entrepreneurship in fostering community development, social empowerment, and sustainable livelihoods. This holistic view aligns with contemporary perspectives that acknowledge entrepreneurship as a vehicle for addressing social inequalities and enhancing overall well-being (Bale, 2017).

Theoretical frameworks provide a lens through which the intricate relationship between entrepreneurship and poverty reduction can be analyzed. Human Capital Theory posits that investments in education and skills development, integral components of entrepreneurship, enhance individuals’ capacities, leading to poverty reduction (Evans, 2019). Resource-based theory offers insights into how entrepreneurial ventures, by strategically utilizing available resources, can contribute to economic upliftment and poverty alleviation (Bale, 2017). Additionally, Institutional Theory highlights the role of societal structures and norms in shaping entrepreneurial behaviour and influencing poverty reduction outcomes (Havert, 2021).

Conceptualizing poverty is essential for a nuanced understanding of how entrepreneurship intersects with the reduction of this multi-dimensional challenge. Poverty, as defined by Britannica Dictionary (2023), goes beyond monetary deprivation, encompassing factors such as lack of access to education, healthcare, and basic amenities. Entrepreneurship, then, becomes a tool not only for income generation but also for addressing these systemic deficiencies. By examining poverty through this multi-dimensional lens, this study aims to unravel the complexities of how entrepreneurship can holistically contribute to poverty reduction in the unique context of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja.

 Policy Frameworks for Entrepreneurial Development

Entrepreneurial development policies form the bedrock of a conducive environment for fostering and sustaining entrepreneurial activities, playing a pivotal role in shaping economic landscapes. Within the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja, an overview of existing policies provides insights into the government’s commitment to promoting entrepreneurship (Central Bank of Nigeria, 2019). These policies encompass a spectrum of initiatives, ranging from financial support to capacity-building programs, aiming to create a supportive ecosystem for entrepreneurial ventures.

A comparative analysis of international and national entrepreneurship policies offers a nuanced perspective on the FCT’s policy landscape. By benchmarking against successful global models, policymakers can glean valuable insights into best practices and potential areas for improvement. Byju’s (2023) exploration of various types of entrepreneurship sheds light on how diverse policy frameworks cater to different entrepreneurial endeavours, providing a rich tapestry of strategies that may inform the FCT’s approach.





The research methodology plays a pivotal role in ensuring the rigour and credibility of the study. This chapter delineates the approach undertaken to achieve the objectives of the research, drawing on established research philosophies and methodologies outlined by scholars such as Saunders, Lewis, Thornhill (2019), Bell (2022), and others. The chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the research design, population of the study, sampling technique and size, sources and methods of data collection, data analysis methods, and considerations of validity, reliability, and ethics.

Research Design

The selection of an appropriate research design is pivotal in shaping the investigation and effectively addressing the research questions. In the context of this study, a quantitative survey research design was deemed most suitable. This design, as advocated by Saunders et al. (2019), is recognized for its capacity to gather numerical data efficiently, especially from a large sample. The utilization of a quantitative approach offers distinct advantages in providing statistical insights into the relationships between various variables pertinent to the study.

The rationale behind opting for a quantitative survey research design is rooted in its compatibility with the overarching goals of the research. Given the aim to comprehensively understand the diverse factors influencing entrepreneurship and their subsequent impact on poverty reduction, a quantitative approach proves instrumental. This method facilitates the collection of a vast amount of data, allowing for a broad and systematic examination of the identified variables. The quantitative survey design, therefore, aligns with the study’s nature and objectives, providing a robust foundation for statistical analysis and inference generation to contribute meaningful insights to the field.

Population of the Study

The target population for this study comprises individuals actively engaged in entrepreneurial activities within the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja. The justification for selecting this population of 1200 respondents stems from the need to capture a diverse range of entrepreneurial experiences and perspectives. Given the heterogeneity of entrepreneurial ventures within the FCT, a larger sample size enhances the generalizability of the findings to the broader entrepreneurial community in the region (Anderson et al., 2020).



Data Presentation




Summary of Findings

The study set out to comprehensively explore the landscape of entrepreneurial activities in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja, and to understand the intricate relationship between entrepreneurial development and poverty reduction in the region. The findings, derived from a robust methodology that combined quantitative survey research and statistical analysis, shed light on various aspects of entrepreneurship, challenges faced by entrepreneurs, and the perceived impact of entrepreneurial activities on poverty levels.

In examining the current state of entrepreneurial activities in FCT Abuja, respondents generally expressed a positive outlook. The mean score of 73.00 from Table 4.17 suggests a favourable perception, indicating that entrepreneurs in the region view their current activities positively. This positive sentiment may signify a conducive environment or successful entrepreneurial endeavours that contribute to the economic landscape of the capital territory.

The study also delved into the relationship between entrepreneurial development and poverty reduction. The mean score of 66.00 (Table 4.17) implies that respondents perceive a positive connection between entrepreneurial initiatives and poverty reduction. This finding aligns with the existing literature emphasizing the role of entrepreneurship in economic development and poverty alleviation. It suggests that, from the perspective of entrepreneurs in FCT Abuja, their activities contribute positively to addressing poverty challenges.

However, the positive outlook is tempered by the challenges identified in the study. Limited access to mentorship and business development support emerged as a prevalent challenge, with 80.8% of respondents either strongly agreeing or agreeing with this statement (Table 4.15). This highlights a crucial gap in support systems for entrepreneurs, pointing towards the need for comprehensive mentorship programs to enhance the skills and capacities of individuals engaged in entrepreneurial activities.

Regulatory and bureaucratic hurdles were identified as significant impediments to the growth and sustainability of entrepreneurial ventures. Table 4.14 indicates that 78.0% of respondents either strongly agreed or agreed with this statement. These findings underline the need for streamlined regulatory processes and policies that facilitate, rather than hinder, entrepreneurial growth. Understanding specific pain points within the regulatory landscape will be crucial for policymakers seeking to create an enabling environment for entrepreneurship.

Infrastructure deficiencies, such as unreliable utilities and transportation, were also identified as challenges for entrepreneurial operations in FCT Abuja. The majority (81.7%) of respondents agreed or strongly agreed with this statement (Table 4.16). Addressing these infrastructure gaps is imperative to create an environment where entrepreneurs can thrive. Ensuring reliable utilities and efficient transportation can significantly impact the operational efficiency and sustainability of entrepreneurial ventures in the region.

Furthermore, the study explored respondents’ perceptions of government policies and support programs linking entrepreneurial development to poverty reduction in FCT Abuja. The findings from Table 4.12 indicate that a significant portion (72.1%) either strongly agreed or agreed with this statement. This suggests a recognition among entrepreneurs of the positive role that government initiatives can play in fostering entrepreneurial development and contributing to poverty reduction.

On a broader scale, the mean scores and standard deviations from the one-sample statistics (Table 4.17) provide a quantitative snapshot of the respondents’ sentiments. While the mean scores for the current state of entrepreneurial activities and the relationship between entrepreneurial development and poverty reduction reflect positive perceptions, the mean score for the challenges hindering entrepreneurial growth (89.75) indicates a significant perceived challenge. These numerical values lay the groundwork for more detailed statistical analyses and further exploration of the nuanced experiences of entrepreneurs in FCT Abuja.

In summary, the findings of this study provide valuable insights into the entrepreneurial landscape in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. Entrepreneurs generally exhibit a positive outlook on their current activities and recognize the positive relationship between entrepreneurial development and poverty reduction. However, challenges such as limited access to support systems, regulatory hurdles, and infrastructure deficiencies pose significant obstacles. Addressing these challenges requires a multifaceted approach involving policymakers, business support organizations, and the entrepreneurs themselves. The study contributes to the ongoing dialogue on entrepreneurship, offering a nuanced understanding of the local context in FCT Abuja and providing a foundation for future research and policy interventions.


In conclusion, the hypotheses testing results provide valuable insights into the dynamics of entrepreneurial activities and their impact on poverty reduction in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. The findings reject the null hypotheses for all three research questions, indicating that there is a significant relationship between the promotion of entrepreneurial development and poverty reduction, a significant impact of entrepreneurial activities on poverty levels, and significant challenges faced by entrepreneurs in FCT Abuja that impede entrepreneurial growth.

The rejection of the null hypotheses underscores the importance of entrepreneurial endeavours in contributing to poverty alleviation and economic development in the region. Policymakers, business support organizations, and stakeholders can leverage these findings to design targeted interventions that address the specific challenges identified in the study. The positive relationship between entrepreneurial development and poverty reduction suggests that fostering a conducive environment for entrepreneurship can have a meaningful impact on socio-economic conditions.

While the study provides valuable insights, it is essential to acknowledge its limitations, such as the reliance on self-reported data and the focus on a specific geographic region. Future research could expand the scope to include a more diverse sample and incorporate qualitative methods to gain a deeper understanding of the nuances within the entrepreneurial landscape. Overall, the study contributes to the ongoing discourse on entrepreneurship and poverty reduction, emphasizing the need for tailored strategies to support and enhance entrepreneurial activities for sustainable socio-economic development in FCT Abuja.


The following recommendations were proposed:

  1. Enhance Access to Finance: Implement policies and programs that facilitate easier access to finance for entrepreneurs in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. This could include the establishment of financial support mechanisms, partnerships with financial institutions, and initiatives promoting financial literacy among entrepreneurs.
  2. Strengthen Entrepreneurial Education: Invest in educational programs that focus on building entrepreneurial skills and knowledge. Collaborate with educational institutions, training centres, and industry experts to design and deliver relevant courses that empower individuals with the skills needed for successful entrepreneurship.
  3. Improve Regulatory Processes: Streamline and simplify regulatory procedures to reduce bureaucratic hurdles for entrepreneurs. This involves working closely with relevant government agencies to create a more conducive environment for business registration, compliance, and operations.
  4. Promote Mentorship Programs: Establish mentorship initiatives that connect experienced entrepreneurs with aspiring ones. Mentorship can provide valuable guidance, support, and networking opportunities, contributing to the overall development and success of emerging businesses.
  5. Infrastructure Development: Address infrastructure deficiencies by investing in reliable utilities and transportation systems. Improving the overall infrastructure will positively impact the operational efficiency and sustainability of entrepreneurial ventures in the region.
  6. Government Support Programs: Expand and optimize existing government support programs for entrepreneurs. Regularly assess the effectiveness of these programs and make adjustments to ensure they align with the evolving needs of the entrepreneurial community.
  7. Encourage Collaboration: Foster collaboration among entrepreneurs, businesses, and government agencies. Creating platforms for collaboration can lead to knowledge sharing, resource pooling, and collective problem-solving, ultimately enhancing the overall entrepreneurial ecosystem.
  8. Continuous Research and Monitoring: Conduct regular research to monitor the dynamic landscape of entrepreneurship in FCT Abuja. Stay abreast of emerging trends, challenges, and opportunities, using the insights gained to inform policy decisions and adapt support mechanisms accordingly.

Contribution to Knowledge

The findings of this study significantly contribute to the existing body of knowledge on entrepreneurship and poverty reduction, particularly within the context of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. Firstly, the research provides a nuanced understanding of the current state of entrepreneurial activities in the region. By exploring the perceptions of a diverse group of entrepreneurs, the study captures a dynamic snapshot of the entrepreneurial landscape, offering valuable insights into the sector’s composition, vibrancy, and areas for potential growth.

Secondly, the study sheds light on the intricate relationship between entrepreneurial development and poverty reduction in FCT Abuja. Through rigorous statistical analysis and hypothesis testing, the research demonstrates the existence of a significant link between entrepreneurial initiatives and poverty alleviation. This finding challenges conventional notions and underscores the pivotal role that a well-supported and thriving entrepreneurial ecosystem can play in contributing to broader socio-economic development goals.

Furthermore, the identification and analysis of challenges faced by entrepreneurs in FCT Abuja contribute practical knowledge for policymakers, business support organizations, and educational institutions. Understanding these challenges, ranging from limited access to financing to regulatory hurdles provides a foundation for targeted interventions. Policymakers can utilize this knowledge to design and implement initiatives that directly address the specific obstacles hindering entrepreneurial growth and, subsequently, poverty reduction in the region.

Lastly, the study contributes to the academic discourse by employing a robust research design and statistical analysis methodology. The adoption of a quantitative survey research design, complemented by statistical tools such as one-sample t-tests, adds methodological rigour to the exploration of the research questions. This contributes not only to the specific field of entrepreneurship in FCT Abuja but also serves as a methodological blueprint for future research endeavours exploring similar themes in other regions or contexts. Overall, the study enriches the academic landscape by providing a multifaceted and data-driven perspective on the intricate interplay between entrepreneurship and poverty reduction.


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