Education Project Topics

Relationship Between Marital Success and the Level of Education Among Female Primary School Teachers

Relationship Between Marital Success and the Level of Education Among Female Primary School Teachers

Relationship Between Marital Success and the Level of Education Among Female Primary School Teachers

Chapter One

Objective of the Study

The main objective of the study is to examine the relationship between marital success and the level of education among female primary school teachers.

The specific objectives of the study included:

  1. To determine the relationship between educational attainment level and marital success of married women in Enugu State.
  2. To find out if place of residence (location) has any relationship between educational attainment level and marital success.



This research is primarily concerned with the educational factor of marital adjustment and seeks to find out the relationship between marital success and the level of education among women in Oredo local government area of Edo state. A review of literature on content and methodology has been carried out as related to the problem.

 Marriage and marital success

Marriage is a culturally approved relationship of one man and one woman (monogamy), of one man and two women (polygamy) or of one woman and two or more men (polyandry).

Polygamy is a term that subsumes both monogamy and polyandry.

The option that marriage prescribed certain formalities which are in the form of gestures or words or ceremonies that make public the fact that two individuals, a man and a woman intend to live together and start a family.

In marriage, there is a cultural endorsement of sexual intercourse between the marriage partners of opposite sex and generally the expectation that children will be born as a result of the relationship.

Although the legitimization of children in a principal function of marriage, there are other functions that do not necessarily relate to the rights of children but to the feelings of husband and wife. Marriage provides each spouse with exclusive or preferential sexual rights and it offers the chance of mutually supporting, loving companionship. These secondary marital functions vary from culture to culture as well as within any culture.

Marriage is a societal expectation and as such when individuals attain a particular age and social status, they seek marriage.

One of the prerequisite for marriage is mate selection and this is done with consideration of factors which will enhance the state of well being of individuals concerned with the hope of achieving marital success.

Although many young people look forward to marriage and the satisfaction they would derive from it.

The rate at which marital relationship break up has cast doubts as to the motivating factors that lead to marriage among couples. Results of a survey of marital success and failure conducted with samples of Nigerian diploma students and selected community members by Odebunmi (1981) indicated that a great percentage of married people were not happy with their marriages. This is because many individuals enter matrimony with expectations which they fail to realize in marriage. This disappointment often leads to frustration and lack of happiness in marriage.

According to Ero (1985), the increasing rate of divorce notwithstanding, many of young girls aspire to the marriage institution with greater determination to succeed where others have failed. If they have to succeed in marriage, there are a lot of adjustment they have to make since they would need to cope with the needs and demands of a complete stranger who probably comes from a different background from themselves.

According to Odebunmi (1992) more educated people tend to make more success out of marriage than poorly educated people. This is because an educated person is usually older before marriage, is able to understand better the kind of person he wants to marry and is able to cope better with marital adjustment problems.




Research design

The study adopted casual-comparative design. This was used because the researchers were only interested in determining the impact of the independent variable of educational attainment in its low, medium and high levels on the dependent variable of marital success. It involved collection of data for the purpose of describing and interpreting existing situation. Nworgu (1991) noted that casual-comparative derives from the fact that in this type of study, groups differentiated in terms of some independent variables are compared on a given dependent variable. Differences in the dependent variable across the groups are attributed to the independent variables. Nwankwo (2013) stated that ex-post factor or casual comparative design involves collecting and analyzing data about some variables retrospectively or about some variables which are already in place without manipulating any of them in order to find out how some of them influence or are related to other variables.

This research design is ideal for this study because the researchers have no control over the variables of interesteducational attainment of married women and their marital success. The researchers did not manipulate them but only linked some already existing effect or observation educational attainment as causative agents. The researchers find that the subjects-married women are already married and had made their choices and what was considered was the impact of their levels of educational attainment on their marital success  of the married women’ used for the study.

  Sources of Data

The data for this study were generated from two main sources; Primary sources and secondary sources. The primary sources include questionnaire, interviews and observation. The secondary sources include journals, bulletins, textbooks and the internet.

Population of the Study and Sampling Technique  

The population for the study targeted 1000 married women but 803 successfully completed and returned their questionnaires which were analyzed. The questionnaires were distributed for the study in the 10 Local Government Areas out of the 27 that make up the state. They were simple randomly selected, 100 married women from each Local Government made up of 50 married men and 50 married women. Local Government Areas were selected through stratified random sampling which gave all the LGAs chance of being selected.



The results of the study are presented in this section:




According to Okorodudu (2010), there appears to be a kind of downward trend in marriage patronage in our society. The trend is prevalent in both western and non-western cultures. Also, in the recent decade, there seems to be a cut down in the interest of young people willing to go into marriage. For example, Okon et al. (2008) pointed out that it is not an overstatement to say that the credibility that people attached to marriage has begun to dwindle and that the rate at which people are getting married has been drastically reduced as a result of the retreat of men and women from getting married or patronizing marriage in our society today. However, in consideration of the enormous benefits of marriage to man and the society as well as the fact that a stable home will result to a stable society and a stable nation, a study directed at finding out factors that will enhance marital success, in this case impact of educational attainment levels on marital success should be a welcome development. Findings showed that there is a positive relationship between low and high educational attainment levels and marital success while medium educational attainment level showed no significant relationship with marital success. Also location of marriage, educational attainment levels predicted marital success.


Based on the findings it is recommended that marriage seminars, workshops, conferences and marital counselling services which are designed to help educate intending couples regarding choice of partners based on educational attainments should be organized by those engaged in marriage molding such as Home Economist Professional Association, Ministers Of Social Development and Women Affairs at Federal, State and Local Government Levels, Counseling Association Of Nigeria and so on.


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  • Anima, R.N. (2008). Marital Insuccess and its Impact on Women and Children of Bangledash. Shahid Sharawardi College Laxnibazar Dhaka, Bangladash.
  • Asana, F.A. (2000). Problems of Marriage and Family life. In: An African Context: Viewed from the Perspective of the Christian Pastor as a Counselor. Dissertation Abstr. Int. 51:5
  • Ayandokeun, H. A. (2001). The Recent Trends in Marital Success in Nigeria.Unpublished M. Ed thesis, Department of Guidance and Counseling University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State.
  • Philippe, B. and Lochner, L. J. (2008). The Changing Role of Family Income and Ability in Determining Educational Achievement. Centre for Human Capital and Productivity. CHCP Working Papers, 2008-1. London, ON: Department of Economics, University of Western Ontario.
  • Bassy, R. U. (2000). Conflict Resolution in marriage in E. A. Uwe & A. E. Obot, (Eds). Marriage counseling issues and Solutions. Calabar: Pyramid.
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