Education Project Topics

The Effects of Indiscipline on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students

The Effects of Indiscipline on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students


The objective of this research work is to find out the effects of indiscipline on academic performance of secondary school students in Igueben Local Government Area of Edo State. Indiscipline as a feature of Secondary schools in Nigeria was no longer a news.  Despite general consensus of every body that a relatively peaceful atmosphere is needed before a minimum amount of learning could be achieved, this phenomenon has persisted in our schools. Through the data analysis, it was observed that socio-economic status is significantly related to indiscipline and academic performance of secondary school students in Igueben Local Government Area in Edo State.


Chapter One Statement of Problem

A research conducted by Oloruntimehire (1974) on the causes of indiscipline, in post primary schools revealed that indiscipline in Nigerian schools had been a running sore in the educational system of this country.  Indiscipline in our system had continued to persist in spite of the series of warnings from the Heads of State and concerned Nigerian that discipline should be maintained in the school system.  Thus a number of measures that were adopted, such as closing down riot schools, suspension or dismissal of ring-leaders and the mass transfer of teacher in such school have not yielded any good results.

The question therefore is; who is to blame, the teachers or the peer-group or the home or the students?

Therefore, this study is designed to investigate the causes of indiscipline among Primary School pupils or students.  The following questions have been addressed; whether:

1.     Socio-economic background had any significant influence on students’ indiscipline.

2.     School administration had any significant influence on students’ indiscipline.

3.     Societal morals have any influence on school discipline.

4.     The pressure on paper qualification has influenced school discipline.

5.     The peer-group has influence school discipline.

Chapter Two Literature Review

 School discipline implies students with a code of behaviour often known as the school rules (Koomson, Brown, Dawson-Brew, Ahiatrogah, & Dramanu, 2005). Again, they state that some of the school rules may set out the expected standards of clothing, time keeping, relationship with peers (both teachers and pupils) and school work. They concluded by saying that there are several of such rules in every school. Koomson et al (2005), further asserted that sometimes, the term school discipline may not only apply to code of school rules. They claim the term may also be applied to punishment as a consequence of transgression of the school code of behaviour. For this reason, the usage of school discipline may sometimes mean punishment for breaking school rules.

Discipline can be defined as training, especially of the mind and character, to produce self-control habits of obedience, the result of which sets rules for conduct and methods by which training may be given (Kuh, Power, Blane, & Bartley, 2004). Indiscipline, in the view of Ayertey (2002), is a kind of behaviour that deviates from the generally accepted norms as seen in almost all facets of the society; at home, in schools, government and religious places. Keoreng (2004) also contended that indiscipline among school children has become a global problem. He mentioned that the rise of cultism, vandalism, examination malpractices, squandering of school fees by students, and truancy among many others are common among school children. He emphasized that indiscipline children are everywhere. Indiscipline is a behaviour that calls for application of sanctions. Indiscipline is a kind of human behaviour that is purely unethical and not in conformity with the norms and values of the society.

Chapter Three Research Design

Research designs are perceived to be an overall strategy adopted by the researcher whereby different components of the study are integrated in a logical manner to effectively address a research problem. In this study, the researcher employed the survey research design. This is due to the nature of the study whereby the opinion and views of people are sampled. According to Singleton & Straits, (2009), Survey research can use quantitative research strategies (e.g., using questionnaires with numerically rated items), qualitative research strategies (e.g., using open-ended questions), or both strategies (i.e., mixed methods). As it is often used to describe and explore human behaviour, surveys are therefore frequently used in social and psychological research.

Chapter Four Data Presentation

This chapter presents the analysis of data derived through the questionnaire and key informant interview administered on the respondents in the study area. The analysis and interpretation were derived from the findings of the study. The data analysis depicts the simple frequency and percentage of the respondents as well as interpretation of the information gathered. A total of eighty (80) questionnaires were administered to respondents of which only seventy-seven (77) were returned and validated. This was due to irregular, incomplete and inappropriate responses to some questionnaire. For this study a total of 77 was validated for the analysis.

Chapter Five Summary and Conclusion

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain the effects of indiscipline on academic performance of secondary school students. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the effects of indiscipline on academic performance of secondary school students


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