Education Project Topics

The Effects of Social Networking Sites on the Secondary School Students Behaviour in Oredo LGA of Edo State

The Effects of Social Networking Sites on the Secondary School Students Behaviour in Oredo LGA of Edo State

The Effects of Social Networking Sites on the Secondary School Students Behaviour in Oredo LGA of Edo State


Objective of the study

The main objective of the study is to examine the effects of social networking sites on secondary school students behaviour in Oredo L.G. A. of Edo state. Specifically the study aims:

  1. To find out the type of social networking sites secondary school students are exposed to.
  2. To know how these networking sites has influenced secondary school students.
  3. To examine the motivating factors that influences the use of the social network.
  4. To recommend some measures on the proper use of social media.




This section will review relevant literature in line with the research objectives on the assessment of influence of social networking sites on secondary school students in Oredo Local government area of Edo state. This chapter is divided into two sections which are literature review and theoretical framework. The literature review will further be sub divided into the following: Over view of internet and social media, the types of social media sites secondary school students are exposed to, the influence of social media on secondary school students, the motivating factors that influence the use of social media by students. While one theoretical frame work will be employed in this research.

Globalization and Social Media

Globalization is a process of economics, social, cultural and political activities crosses national boundaries. Information Technology acts as catalyst to globalization because it facilitates faster transfer of information and increased networking activity that amplify the effect of globalization. With globalization, the world has now become a global village where businesses and communication can take place across distance within seconds, these changes affects people both at local and global level.

Information and communication technology has a great impact on globalization because it linked the world into a global village as internet and social media changes the way people communicate. Discovery of this new idea exponentially grows. Thus, the technology has rapidly developed in the 20th century and has even grown faster in the 21th century. Distance disappears with new technologies. Since the advent information technology, people are provided with more access to information which has directly or indirectly improve our means of communication among people

The internet has revolutionised the computer and communication world like nothing before. The invention of internet set the stage for unprecedented integration of capabilities. The internet is at once a world –wide broadcasting capacity, a mechanism for information dissemination and a medium for collaboration and interaction between individuals and their computers without regards for geographical location. The internet which was originally limited to scientific communication network developed for United States Government to support projects within the government and universities research is known by everyone today (Shola, 2004).

Dominick (2011) stated that the United States Department of Defence developed a network in 1960 known as Advanced Research Project Agency Network (ARPANET) with the aim of establishing means by which coordination and communication of military activities can be monitored as well as protecting the national security in the face of attack. At about the same time, the Local Areas Networks (LANs) was created. The LANs was a software that enabled computers to be linked and it also contained the internet protocol program. Many of the LANs were also connected to ARPANET, allowing the network to grow even more. (Kamat, 2012).





In this chapter, we would describe how the study was carried out.

Research design

It is a term used to describe a number of decisions which need to be taken regarding the collection of data before they are collected. (Nwana, 1981). It provides guidelines which direct the researcher towards solving the research problem and may vary depending on the nature of the problem being studied. According to Okaja ( 2003, p. 2),” research design means the structuring of investigation aimed at identifying variables and their relationship, it is used for the purpose of obtaining data to enable the investigator test hypothesis or answer research question by providing procedural outline for conducting research”. It is therefore, an outline or scheme that serves as a useful guide to the researcher in his efforts to generate data for his study. This study adopts the survey research design. According to Babbie (1990) cited in Akarika, Ukpe and Ikon (2019:58) survey is probably the best method available to the social scientist interested in collecting original data for describing a population too large to observe directly.

Research settings

This study was carried out Port Harcourt River state Nigeria.

Sources of Data

The data for this study were generated from two main sources; Primary sources and secondary sources. The primary sources include questionnaire, interviews and observation. The secondary sources include journals, bulletins, textbooks and the internet.

Population of the study

A study population is a group of elements or individuals as the case may be, who share similar characteristics. These similar features can include location, gender, age, sex or specific interest. The emphasis on study population is that it constitute of individuals or elements that are homogeneous in description (Prince Udoyen: 2019). In this study the study population constitute of all the students in selected secondary schools in Oredo L.G.A of Edo state.



This chapter presents the analysis of data derived through the questionnaire and key informant interview administered on the respondents in the study area. The analysis and interpretation were derived from the findings of the study. The data analysis depicts the simple frequency and percentage of the respondents as well as interpretation of the information gathered.




Findings of this study specifically revealed that students are aware of social networking sites and have access to them. It also revealed that social networking sites negatively affect the academic achievement of students.

The use of social media sites is the most common activities of today’s children particularly secondary school students. The idea of global village has been translated into reality through these sites connecting millions of people from all around the world. It helps people to be better informed, enlightened, and keeping up-to-date with world developments. Technology exposes mankind to a better way of doing things. It brought about Simultaneous communication of many people even at distant places promotes the creation of social capital fetching personal, professional and social benefits not only to the users of these sites but to the society as a whole.

Despite the benefit of social media sites, the findings reveals that the negative aspects of social media sites outweighs the positive sides of social media sites. Social Media negatively affect academics pursuits because of time spent which doesn’t relates with their academics as well as their behaviour. The study reveals that students can spend at least 1- 3hrs daily on social media site. This can lead to improper behaviour like indecent dressing, juvenile delinquency, internet fraud, school violent ,poor grammar, distraction from studies ,procrastination lack of privacy and among others. For this reason, it’s important that parents, school authority and government should be aware of the nature of social media sites, given that not all of them are healthy environment for children. Most of the negative aspects can be overcome by reducing the amount of time spent on social media sites, provides an ample time for face-to face social interaction, like having family leisure time in which you discuss their studied in a relaxed atmosphere or go for excursion.


In view of the findings of this study, the following recommendations were made;

  1. Parents should monitor the use of social networking site of their children
  2. School authorities should enlighten their young children indulging on the use of social networking sites.
  3. Teachers should encourage students to use the library where available.
  4. Students should avoid the frequent use of slang and abbreviations in writing text messages as this can become part of them and there by transfer it to formal writing.
  5. Students should be encouraged to create a balance between chit-chatting and academic activities. In other words, more attention should be directed to studying.
  6. Sites should be created for academic purposes.


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  • Fakaye, D.O. (2012). Predicting students’ achievement in English language for teachers’ classroom behaviour and teaching experience. European journal of Educational studies, 4(2), 203-210.
  • Internet Live stats. (2015). Elaboration of data by international Telecommunication Union (ITU), World Bank, and United Nations Population Division. Retrieved from
  • Ito, M., Bavmer, S., Bittanti, M., Boyd, D., Cody, R. & Herr-stepheson, B. (2001).
  • Hanging out, messing around, and geeking out: Kids living and learning with new media. Cambridge, M.A.: MIT press.
  • Junco, R., Merson, D. & Salter, D.W. (2010). The effects of gender, ethnicity and income on college students’ use of communication. Retrieved from>publication
  • Jwaifell, M., Al-Shalabi, H., Andrews, S., Awayan, A. & Alabea, A. (2013). The intensity of social networks group use among the students of Jordanian Universities.
  • Global Journal of Computer Science and Technology Network, Web & Security, 13(2), 1-8.
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