The Impact of Effective Leadership Style on Organizational Performance. Case Study Dangote Cement
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are:
- To identify the various types of leadership styles adopted by managers in Dangote cement
- To determine the predominant leadership strategic adopted by manager in Dangote cement
- To determine the efficiency of such styles in achieving organizational objective in these organization
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Leadership is viewed as a social influence process through which one individual exerts influence intentionally over others to structure the behaviours and relationship within a group or organizations. Yuki (1994) opines that the specific construct of leadership vary considerably. For instance, over the past years, leadership has been in terms of personal traits, individual behaviour, interpersonal influence, situational factors and a combination of these. According to Singapore Productivity Association (SPA, 2010): there posited that leadership is a social influence which individual exhibits and gets the support of other persons in the accomplishment of a common goal. It has to do with the role someone play in influencing followers in order to achieve organizational goals. Another connotation of leadership considered by Moshane and Vanglino (2000) maintained that leadership is the process of influencing people and providing an enabling environment for them to achieve team or organizational goals and objectives. Inyang (2004:121) defined leadership as a process which involves the use of non-coercive influence to shape a group or organizational goals, motivate behaviour towards achieving the goals as well as define the group’s culture. From the above frameworks, leadership occurs when one individual influences other to perform voluntarily above the minimum requirement of their work. Organizations productivity is dependent on the leadership style adopted. This is to say that they are interwoven showing the leader’s willingness, commitment, selflessness, pro-activeness etc. to act in a given way to bring forth increase in the profit margin of the firm, effectiveness, efficiency and general increase in employee performance and productivity. Leadership style should be dependent on the task and the people being led, the environment and the leader initiative. However, there are several types of leaders exhibiting different leadership characteristics. It is therefore a first step to understand leadership development by exposing the various styles of leadership. Leadership style may be based on autocratic structure, people and production orientation. Empirical research conducted by Levin and white (1953) on leadership style, identified three major leadership styles:
- Autocratic leader
- Laissez faire leader
- Democratic leader.
In autocratic leadership style, the leaders is very conscious of his position. He has little trust and faith in his subordinates and he feels that “pay” is a just reward for work and is the only reward that will motivate a worker. An autocratic leader gives orders and demands that they be carried out. No questions are allowed and no explanation given. The group members ensure no responsibility for performance and merely do what they are told. Consequently production is good when the leader is present, but drops in his absence. Laissez faire leader has no confidence in his leadership ability. He does not get goals for the group and decision making is performed by whoever in the group is willing to accept it. Under laissez faire leadership style, productivity is generally low and work is sloppy. The group has little interest in their work morale and team work which are generally low. Democratic leadership style reflects a leader to follower relationship. Where decision making is shared by the leaders and members of the group he leads. Under democratic leadership style, criticism and praise are objectively given. A feeling of responsibility is developed within the group and enhanced productivity. Performances are usually high. New ideas and changes are developed.
The researcher used descriptive research survey design in building up this project work the choice of this research design was considered appropriate because of its advantages of identifying attributes of a large population from a group of individuals. The design was suitable for the study as the study sought challenge of the impact of effective leadership style on organizational performance. case study Dangote cement
Sources of data collection
Data were collected from two main sources namely:
(i)Primary source and
These are materials of statistical investigation which were collected by the research for a particular purpose. They can be obtained through a survey, observation questionnaire or as experiment; the researcher has adopted the questionnaire method for this study.
These are data from textbook Journal handset etc. they arise as byproducts of the same other purposes. Example administration, various other unpublished works and write ups were also used.
Population of the study
Population of a study is a group of persons or aggregate items, things the researcher is interested in getting challenge of The impact of effective leadership style on organizational performance. case study Dangote cement. 200 staff of Dangote cement, Lokoja was selected randomly by the researcher as the population of the study.
PRESENTATION ANALYSIS INTERPRETATION OF DATA
Efforts will be made at this stage to present, analyze and interpret the data collected during the field survey. This presentation will be based on the responses from the completed questionnaires. The result of this exercise will be summarized in tabular forms for easy references and analysis. It will also show answers to questions relating to the research questions for this research study. The researcher employed simple percentage in the analysis.
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain effect of leadership style on organizational performance
In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of leadership style on organizational performance
This study was on the impact of effective leadership style on organizational performance. case study Dangote cement Three objectives were raised which included: To identify the various types of leadership styles adopted by managers in Dangote cement, to determine the predominant leadership strategic adopted by manager in Dangote cement and to determine the efficiency of such styles in achieving organizational objective in these organization. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of Dangote cement, Lokoja. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up human resource managers, production managers, senior staff and marketers were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
The study concludes that leadership style of the organization greatly influence the performance and organizational output. Organization will function effectively when management employs a proper leadership styled. Therefore, harmony should be created between workers, management and the task environment.
We recommend that democratic, participatory and supportive leadership should exist within the organization, leaders should set vibrant high performance organizational culture through interpersonal relation, dialogues and transparency. Leaders should adopt effective communication pattern to produce enthusiasm and foster an atmosphere of confidence within the organization. It should note that the aforementioned as indices and indexes of democratic leadership style which culminated to high performance.
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