The Need for Guidance and Counselling Services Among Nigeria University Students
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The general purpose of this study is to find out the need for guidance and counseling services among Nigeria University students. Other objectives include;
- To reveal the importance of career guidance and counseling for students’
- To compare the motivation towards school of those students who received career guidance and those who have not received guidance and counseling.
- To determine the influence of training of peer counselling on students’ discipline.
- To establish the extent to which guest speakers on guidance and counselling influences students’ discipline.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
This chapter covered the concept of education, guidance and counselling, historical development and the need for guidance and counselling and types of Counselling. It had also government involvement in guidance and counselling, the counselor and counselling, the role of principals in discipline management in schools, guidance and counselling programme and discipline in secondary schools, personal and social guidance and approaches to counselling. The other sections of the chapter included challenges facing the school management in implementing guidance and counselling, theoretical framework, conceptual framework and the summary of literature review
CONCEPT OF EDUCATION, GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING
In his article, Njagi (2007), quotes a teacher, Melania who describes education as a process. She is quoted as saying education “is a system of passing on and acquiring knowledge, experience, values and skills. It is a lifelong process”. In distinguishing between African indigenous education system and the modern European system she says that African indigenous education was informal but integrated and comprehensive. Its concern was character formation and dissemination of holistic values, while the modern education system is about memory and passing examinations with less emphasis for character and unique value formation. Collins (2002) says that guidance and counselling is important because it provides an insight on working knowledge, skills and attitudes. It is necessary to assist young people to be disciplined and be able to deal with challenges and realities they face in their ever changing environment, understand themselves, their academic social and physical environment, realize their potentials, as well as identify opportunities in a world where chances for further training, employment and advancement continue to dwindle. Learners are counselled to alter any maladjusted behaviour. Since most citizens are involved in education process directly or indirectly, the impact of guidance and counselling is real to them.
The researcher used descriptive research survey design in building up this project work the choice of this research design was considered appropriate because of its advantages of identifying attributes of a large population from a group of individuals. The design was suitable for the study as the study sought to a critical analysis of the need for guidance and counselling services among Nigeria university students.
Sources of data collection
Data were collected from two main sources namely:
(i)Primary source and
These are materials of statistical investigation which were collected by the research for a particular purpose. They can be obtained through a survey, observation questionnaire or as experiment; the researcher has adopted the questionnaire method for this study.
These are data from textbook Journal handset etc. they arise as byproducts of the same other purposes. Example administration, various other unpublished works and write ups were also used.
Population of the study
Population of a study is a group of persons or aggregate items, things the researcher is interested in getting information a critical analysis of the need for guidance and counselling services among Nigeria university students 200 students of Ambros Ali University were selected randomly by the researcher as the population of the study.
PRESENTATION ANALYSIS INTERPRETATION OF DATA
Efforts will be made at this stage to present, analyze and interpret the data collected during the field survey. This presentation will be based on the responses from the completed questionnaires. The result of this exercise will be summarized in tabular forms for easy references and analysis. It will also show answers to questions relating to the research questions for this research study. The researcher employed simple percentage in the analysis.
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain a critical analysis of the need for guidance and counseling services among Nigeria university students
In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations are made, which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefit in addressing the challenges of the need for guidance and counseling services among Nigeria university students.
This study aimed at having a critical analysis of the need for guidance and counseling services among Nigeria universities. Four objectives were raised. These objectives include: To reveal the importance of career guidance and counseling for students’, to compare the motivation towards school of those students who received career guidance and those who have not received guidance and counseling, to determine the influence of training of peer counselling on students’ discipline, to establish the extent to which guest speakers on guidance and counselling influences students’ discipline.
Based on the above findings pertaining to the objectives of the study the following conclusions are drawn.
The study concludes that guidance and counselling is important in among university students. Guidance and counselling services offered include educational guidance, career guidance and psychological and social guidance. Through guidance and counselling comprehensive advice on career / courses is given to students. There are less personal problems among the students in the school and students are disciplined with improved academic performance as a result of guidance and counselling.
The researcher recommends the following;
- The universities should put in place guidance and counselling services and provide an office where privacy is made a priority. This will encourage more students to visit the counselors’ office.
- Guidance and counselling lecturers should be well trained on how to carry out their duties by being sent to attend many seminars and workshops to improve on their skills.
- For adequate provision of guidance and counselling materials as well as application of peer counselling, there ought to be proper budgeting for the same in terms of finances and time respectively.
- There is need to invite guest speakers who will provide the counselling services to the students in areas of concern.
- Student inventory, bulletins on different topics, handbooks for different educational opportunities, books on social psychology, psychology magazines should be provided to the school to improve the department.
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