Web Based Bibliographic Instruction
1.5 Objectives of the Study
There is hardly any aspect of human endeavor that is today not being assisted by computerization. In this study therefore, the objectives of this project: Web-Based EBibliographic program System with a reference to University of Mkar Bibliographic program include:
- To design a better way of avoiding loss of books in the Bibliographic program.
- To solve the problem of delay in locating books.
- Assist the Liberian to carry out Bibliographic program operations more effectively.
- To minimize manual operations in the Bibliographic program.
- To achieve high efficiency in the Bibliographic program services.
- To give users (student and staff) access to the Bibliographic program information at their own convenient time of the day.
This chapter provides an overview of the research work. This review intends to provide a good knowledge of up to date information on web-based Bibliographic Instructions. The comparative study on the adoption of Bibliographic Instructions will help come up with a system that is user friendly and well secured.
Web-based Bibliographic program system is a technology through which many libraries have adopted; the technology helps various libraries in managing the operations in the physical/manual Bibliographic program.
2.2 Online Bibliographic program
An online Bibliographic program or Digital Bibliographic program (both terms often used interchangeably) can be seen as a collection of digital objects such as text, visuals, videos, audio, etc. stored as standardized and customized electronic media formats (as opposed to print, micro form, or other media), along with means for organizing, storing, and retrieving the contents at existing access points or on own devices.
2.2.1 Functional Components of Digital Bibliographic program
Though diverse varieties of digital libraries are being developed today, most of them share a few common functional components. A basic understanding of the key functional components will help in developing digital Bibliographic program. The key components are briefly discussed below:
- Selection and acquisition – Typical process covered in this component include the selection of document to be added, digitization and/ or conversion of these documents to appropriate digital form.
- Organization — Key process involved in this component include the assignment of metadata (e.g. bibliographic information) to each document being added to the collection.
- Indexing and storage – This component carries out indexing and storage of documents and metadata, for efficient search and retrieval.
- Repository — this is the digital Bibliographic program front-end used by the end-users to browse, search, retrieve and view the contents of the digital Bibliographic program. This is typically presented to the users as an HTML, page.
- Digital Bibliographic program website – This is the server computer that hosts the digital Bibliographic program collection, and presents the collection to the user in the form of a website home page. The user selects a suitable link on this page to go to the search and retrieval front-end mentioned above. The digital Bibliographic program delivers the content based on search and retrieval operations. The digital Bibliographic program home page itself may be integrated with the Bibliographic program website through an appropriate hypertext link.
- Network connectivity — For online access, the digital Bibliographic program website computer should have dedicated connection to the intranet and/ or internet, depending on the target user community, access may be restricted to the intranet (organizational LAN) or extended to the external users through the internet.
2.3 Review of Related works
KOHA Bibliographic program Management System.
KOHA Bibliographic program management system was the first Bibliographic program management system. Since the original implementation in 1999, KOHA functionality has been adopted by thousands of libraries worldwide, each adding features and functions, deepening the capability of the system. With the 3.0 release in 2005, and the integration of the powerful Zebra indexing engine, KOHA became a viable, scalable solution for libraries of all kinds.
KOHA was built on this foundation with its advanced set of features, KOHA is an open source Integrated Bibliographic program System.
Neelakadan, Duraisekar, Balasubramani, and Srinivasa (2010) in their study developed a system using KOHA open source software to develop an updated database of books and other resources of the school of Chemistry Bibliographic program, KOHA is being said to be an integrated software system with all the required models for small to very large libraries (Neelakandan et al., 2010).
The outcome of the system they developed had: Chemistry Bibliographic program collections that are in single database, it gave full control over the Bibliographic program collections and operations, faculty members could search for books and research scholars can check the required books by OPAC modules, research scholars and faculty members can check the status of their borrowed books, they can get the complete details about the books for their further reading and research, data entry of the books could be done through the downloading of bibliographic details from the Bibliographic program of congress and other catalogues and the Bibliographic program system developed can share their data with various Bibliographic program and other department in the libraries. (www.koha.org).
SYSTEM ANALYSIS, DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Methodology
The software engineering methodology used in this work, is the Object Oriented Analysis and Design Methodology (OOADM). The object-oriented approach to system
development views an information system as a collection of interacting objects that work together to accomplish tasks. Conceptually there are no separate processes or programs; there are no separate data entities or files. The system in operation consists of objects. An object is a thing in the computer system that is capable of responding to messages. OOADM can be broken up into two major areas:
- Object-Oriented Analysis: The purpose of any analysis activity in the software is to create a model of the systems functional requirements that is independent of implementation constraints. These identified models represent entities, and possess relationships and methods that are necessary for the problem to be resolved.
- Object-Oriented Design: This is concerned with developing an object-oriented model of the system necessary to implement the specified requirements. The analyst and programmers must think in terms of things (objects) rather than processes or functions.
The object model is based on the principles including abstraction, encapsulation, modularity, inheritance, concurrency, and persistence, and allows a repetitive and step by step approach to system development. The major focus of the object model is object decomposition as opposed to functional decomposition, where a complex system is decomposed into several objects. An object-oriented system will consist of these various objects each of which will collaborate and cooperate with other objects to achieve specified tasks.
SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION AND RESULT ANALYSIS
In this chapter, the result of the analyzed work/ data collected is analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. It deals with how the designed system interacts with the systems user interface and their various functions.
4.2 System Testing
The system designed is tested for accuracy which is followed by the system evaluation to make it functional and meet the purpose for which the system was designed. The software was tested with raw data and the application word up to expectation.
RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
Technology has changed not only the face of information but also the information seeking behavior of the users. Information technology has changed so many sectors of life especially in the Educational sector. In an effort to meet up with the constant and rising change in technology in the educational sector, a Web Based Bibliographic Instruction is developed to aid the seeking behavior of users and also to meet up with the rise in technology.
In conclusion, from proper analysis of the designed system, it can be concluded that the system is an efficient and reliable Bibliographic Instruction working properly and adequately to meet the needs and expectations that the system was designed to meet. The developed system is designed to give convenience to the librarians and also to the users.
This software is recommended to both higher and lower institutions for safe, easy, and faster means of Bibliographic program assessment as it also promotes the use of technology in education.
The following are recommended for the university:
- Considering the growing need of technology and benefits of E-Libraries today, it is recommended that the university should implement the Online Bibliographic program on the campus as this would aid the students and staff to access Bibliographic program resources easier.
- Both staff and students of the university should be oriented on how to use the E-
Bibliographic program and computers at large.
- The university Bibliographic program should be developed to support audio, video and a diagrammatic aid to learning.
- The wireless internet facilities of the university should be improved to facilitate an all round assessment of the Online Bibliographic program on the campus.
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