Delivery of Low Housing Income in Nigeria Prospects and Challenges
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
- To appraise the nature of low income housing delivery in Nigeria
- To determine the nature of the challenges of low income housing delivery in Nigeria
- To appraise the prospect of low income housing delivery in Nigeria
This chapter gives an insight into various studies conducted by outstanding researchers, as well as explained terminologies with regards to modern strategies for housing delivery in Nigeria.
The chapter also gives a resume of the history and present status of the problem delineated by a concise review of previous studies into closely related problems.
Housing, literally is defined as buildings or other shelters in which people live, a place to live, a dwelling and toNations a critical component in social and economic fabric. Housing represents one of the most basic humanneeds. To most groups housing means shelter but to others it means more as it serves as one of the bestindicators of a person’s standard of living and his or her place in the society (Nubi, 2008). It is a priority for theattainment of living standard and it is important to both rural and urban areas. These attribute make demand forhousing to know no bound as population growth and urbanization are increase very rapidly and the gap betweenhousing need and supply becomes widen. Cultural factors such as preferences and values or social status, tasteand financial resources, also influence a house physical characteristics. In developing countries, poor housingdelivery has been attributed to inadequate mechanisms and systems for land allocation, funding, mortgageinstitutions and infrastructure (Encarta, 2007).
Despite the significance of housing adequate supply has remained a mirage to all carder of the society in Nigeria.
The situation is very particular to most developing countries where population grow at exponential rate and rapidurbanization becoming a norm, and discrepancy in housing need and supply is high. Various authorities haveproffered strategies for improving housing delivery in Nigeria. Fasakin (1998) suggested the cooperative housingmodel while Oduwaye (1998) advocate for simply land allocation system and Omole (2001) suggestedaffordable financing model.
This chapter states the various methods used in research, as well as the population of the study, and sampling techniques used in determining the sample size for the research. How data was collected and analysed is also discussed in this chapter.
The main objectives of this research were achieved through quantitative methods, as inferential statistics were used to measure the level of accuracy and validate responses from the respondents in accordance to the objectives of the research.
Abuja, the capital of Nigeria was the study area for this research. It is located in the centre of Nigeria, within the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). Abuja is a planned city, and was built mainly in the 1980s. It officially became Nigeria’s capital on 12 December 1991, replacing Lagos, though the latter remains the country’s most populous city. At the 2006 census, the city of Abuja had a population of 776,298, making it one of the ten most populous cities in Nigeria. Abuja has witnessed a huge influx of people into the city; the growth has led to the emergence of satellite towns such as Karu Urban Area, Suleja, Gwagwalada, Lugbe, Kuje and smaller settlements to which the planned city is sprawling. The unofficial metropolitan area of Abuja has a population of well over three million and comprises the fourth largest urban area in Nigeria, surpassed only by Lagos, Kano and Ibadan.
The research design used for this study was the descriptive research design. Since data characteristics were described using frequencies and percentages, and no manipulations of data or variables were necessary, the researcher chose this research design. The researcher discarded other alternatives such as the causal and explanatory research designs, because accurate findings and data analysis may not be achieved.
POPULATION OF THE STUDY
The population for this study are employees of the ministry of work and housing that have a deep knowledge of the topic delivery of low housing income in Nigeria and challenges.
DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
This chapter is devoted to the presentation, analysis and interpretation of the data gathered in the course of this study. The data are based on the number of copies of the questionnaire completed and returned by the respondents. The data are presented in tables and the analysis is done using the correlation test.
SUMMARY CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
1. To appraise the nature of low income housing delivery in Nigeria
2 To determine the nature of the challenges of low income housing delivery in Nigeria
3 To appraise the prospect of low income housing delivery in Nigeria.
- The delivery of low income housing in Nigeria is high
- The challenges of low income delivery in Nigeria is low
- The prospect of low income delivery in Nigeria is high
- Low income housing is economic in delivery
From the summary of findings and the result of the data analysis above; we therefore conclude that the delivery of low income housing in Nigeria is high.
We therefore recommend that:
- the federal government of Nigeria should assist in the resolution of the problem facing the low housing delivery.
- The federal government of Nigeria should increase the effecciency of delivery of low housing through its prospects.
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